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Entry in the process of translation


You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

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Guardians: Grzegorz Krzyżaniak

A Great Lithuanian Hetman. One of the most outstanding European army commanders within early seventeenth century.

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When he discomfited Swedes near Kircholm in 1605, he received congratuliations from the emperor Rudolf II, the king of England Jakub I, and even the shah of Persia. The Ottoman sultan and Tuscan dukes had his portraits at their palaces. The pope Paul V wrote to the victor: “You proved to be the most glorious and the wisest commander absolutely”.

He gained the eternal glory during his battles with Swedes in Livonia. Kircholm, where the hetman defeated three times more numerous enemy’s army, entered the pantheon of Polish greatest triumphs. You can find it also in the list of battles immortalised at the Unknown Soldier Grave in Warsaw.

Importance of Polish Hussars in this battle is reasonably emphasized but it was not conclusive in the least. Jan Karol Chodkiewich’s genius decided substantially on the conflict result.

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You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Author: Michael Morys Twarowski

Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

„Wodzowie Polski – Jan Karol Chodkiewicz” (1938) – Edmund Oppman

„Jan Karol Chodkiewicz – Polscy Bogowie Wojny” (2019) – Michael Morys Twarowski

Chocim 1621 | FILM

„Chocim 1621” (1988) – Leszek Podhorodecki

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Polish-Lithuanian-Cossack forces crossed Ottoman Army’s path near the town Chocim. The siege ended with a tactical victory of the army of Republic of Poland.
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The Chocim war was the greatest defensive operation in the history of Republic of Poland; it was the greatest position warfare (…).

Chodkiewicz and his staff used natural obstacles in their defence system skilfully. They coupled forces of infantry and artillery fire with field fortifications and surprised the enemy repeatedly.

Chodkiewicz, the creator of the victorious strategy and Commander-in Chief, did not live to see the end of the siege. On 23rd September, while moribund, he handed the mace to the regimentarz (commander-General) Stanisław Lubomirski and folded his hands in prayer. He could whisper only: In manus tuas Domine.

He died on the next day.

His subordinates fought off two onslaughts more; then Ottomans decided to talk and the talks ended with a peace accord on 9th October. The defeated sultan moved on south and his conqueror – in a coffin – was taken to Kamieniec Podolski.

You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Author: Michael Morys Twarowski

sources:
– „Polscy Bogowie Wojny” (Polish Gods of War) (2019) [fragments] – Editorial staff, ZNAK Publishing House (Honorary Patron PLPJ).
– „Chocim 1621” (1988) – Leszek Podhorodecki, Ministry of Defence’s Publishing House (at present, the rights belong to the Honorary Patron PCBJ), Bellona Publishing House).

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

Chocim 1621 | FILM

„Chocim 1621” (1988) – Leszek Podhorodecki

„Jan Karol Chodkiewicz – Polscy Bogowie Wojny” (2019) – Michael Morys Twarowski

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Guardians: Krystyna Rudowska

An Olympian. A cavalry captain, 17th Regiment of Uhlans of Great Poland. A knight of, among others, Virtuti Militari, Legion of Honour, Polish Cross of Valour 5 times A retired general.

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In September 1999, equestrian circles learnt on Gen. Michał Gutowski’s visit in Poland – the pre-war cavalryman and the Olympian lived in Canada since termination of the war.

Through efforts of Polish Equestrian Association, Gen. Gutowski was a lecturer at a special session of trainer course in Stallion Depot in Łąck. Over there, I met the man creating a legend of Polish interwar horsemanship – one of few people who remember Polish riders’ successes on international arenas and attended them.

Mr Michał Gutowski was 89 years old then. He was in perfect intellectual shape and able-bodied. In Łąck, while watching movies showing his 88th birthday and him riding horseback and overcoming cross-country fences, it was difficult to hide admiration and withstand a reflection with regard to my own future.
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You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Author: Jacek Grobelny

Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

Powrót Olimpijczyka | FILM
„Nie masz pana nad ułana” – Jacek Grobelny
„Michał Gutowski” (2012) – Witold Duński
„Uroczyste spotkanie z Michałem Gutowskim” (2004) – Andrzej Grzybowski
„Generał Michał Gutowski nie żyje” (2006) – Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
„Ostatni Mohikanin” (1995) – Witold Domański
„Curriculum vitae” – Michał Gutowski

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Polish team consisting of: Capt. Z. Kawecki / Bambino; Major S. Kulesza / Tośka; rtm. H. Roycewicz-Leliwa / Arlekin III – won the silver medal.
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August 1-16: XI Olympic Games. The Olympic Games in Berlin are breaking records so far: 4,069 participants from 49 countries. The Polish team consists of 112 people. The Olympic torch, brought from Olympia, is burning for the first time as a symbol of ties with ancient tradition. Richard Strauss’s Olympic anthem resounds during the opening ceremony.

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53 riders from 19 countries, including 17 teams of three, register for military. The Polish team is made up of rtm. Henryk Roycewicz on Arlekin III, Zdzisław Kawecki on Bambino and Seweryn Kulesza on Tośka (because Ben Hur suddenly went lame). Roycewicz is 13th after dressage, 15th Kawecki, 26th Kulesza. The team is fifth, with a small point loss, ahead of the dangerous Germans.

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After the cross-country test, G. Rau assessed the Poles’ riding style as follows: „To a large extent, convincing, adapted to the horse’s movement, very flexible. Thanks to this, we are talking about the complete harmony between the rider and the horse, which makes movement and jumping over the obstacle much easier.”

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The event jumping competition in military takes place at the main Olympic stadium with 90,000 spectators. The first of ours is mare Tośka, the least tired of the team. She finishes the course without errors and in good time.

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After the start of Bambino, we move up to the second place and win the silver medal.

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You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Author: Muzeum Łowiectwa i Jeździectwa (Hunting and Horse-Riding Museum) – Hanna Łysakowska

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„Jeźdźcy-Olimpijczycy Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej” [fragmenty] – Renata Urban

„Jeźdźcy olimpijscy” (2000) – Hanna Łysakowska

„Kolekcja medali olimpijskich w zbiorach Muzeum Sportu i Turystyki w Warszawie” (2017) – Zespół redakcyjny

„Seweryn Roman Kulesza – srebrny medalista IO Berlin 1936 r.” – Redakcja portalu olimpijski.pl

„Olympia 1936 tom I”[DE] – Zespół redakcyjny

„Auf Olympischem Parcours”[DE] – Helmut Lenz

„Jeźdźcy-Olimpijczycy Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej” (2012) – Renata Urban

„Polscy jeźdźcy olimpijscy okresu międzywojennego, część I” (2018) – Hanna Łysakowska

„Polscy jeźdźcy olimpijscy okresu międzywojennego, część II” (2019) – Hanna Łysakowska

„Zdzisław Kawecki – Gozdawa – srebrny medalista IO Berlin 1936 r.” – Redakcja portalu olimpijski.pl

„Henryk Leliwa-Roycewicz – srebrny medalista IO Berlin 1936 r.” – Redakcja portalu olimpijski.pl

WKKW – Olimpiada Berlin 1936 (Cross Country) | FILM

„Ostatni udział polskich jeźdźców w olimpiadzie berlińskiej” – Adam Królikiewicz

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Guardians: Andrzej Zygmunt Rola-Stężycki, editors of the Napoleon.org.pl portal

A cavalryman. A chief of 3rd squadron of 1st Polish Light Cavalry of Imperial Guard. The first commander of the famous attack near Somosierra in 1808.

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He was born in Skierniewice on 04 July 1778. He died on 03 February 1821 in Warsaw and was buried in Belsk Duży.

A knight of Somosierra, Wagram, Smoleńsk, Jarosławiec and on the Elbe battles… that is Jan Kozietulski, one of the most famous Polish Napoleon’s followers; he was luckless anent historians and his name was praised by poets and writers first of all.

He owes his renown just to them however even his birth date arouses controversies…

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As a young graduate of Knight’s School and Czartoryski family’s favourite, he had a superb chance of a military career, but after the third partition of Poland, he became a bondsman of Frederic William III, so the army had to wait.

The young man was spoiling for legions gathering in Italy… but his father held back his aspirations; so, Jan spent time banqueting and drinking like gilded youth of that time, e.g. Waliccy, Łubieńscy or Krasińscy. Kozietulski joined Friends of Motherland Association whereof chairman was Wincenty Krasiński.

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Only in the late autumn of 1806, the Friends of Motherland and Kozietulski among them got a chance to produce evidence of their patriotism. Then, on call of Dąbrowski and Wybicki, they went from Warsaw to Poznań as a Honourable Guard to greet Napoleon and ask him to liberate Poland… These intentions were unsuccessful then, since Jan Nepomucen Umiński’s guard of Poznań forestalled them.

The only benefit of this escapade was the fact that Dąbrowski incorporated the young people from Warsaw into Polish Army and Krasiński obtained a privilege to create a Honourable Guard in Warsaw.

Jan Kozietulski and Tomasz Łubieński became its deputy commanders.

Only after Napoleon’s arrival to Warsaw, local young people could show themselves as emperor’s escort during his daily joy rides all over the capital.

Since then, Kozietulski accompanied the emperor constantly, also when he moved on front lines to watch battles near Gołymin and Pułtusk. (…)”


You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Author: Włodzimierz Nabywaniec / Napoleon.org.pl

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Kozietulski Jan” – Włodzimierz Nabywaniec
„Fatalna pomyłka” (2001) – Andrzej Zygmunt Rola-Stężycki
„Baron Cesarstwa Francuskiego” (2009) – Andrzej Zygmunt Rola-Stężycki
„Kozietulski herbu Abdank” (2014) – Andrzej Zygmunt Rola-Stężycki
Pułkownik Kozietulski – Legenda Szwoleżerów FILM
Jan Kozietulski – Jestem Dumny Bohaterowie Skierniewic FILM

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On 13 June 1915, 65th Regiment of Dunin-Wąsowicz’s Uhlans got famous for their attack near Rokitna, memorable for all times for Polish arms.
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106th anniversary of the famous attack near Rokitna carried out by 2nd squadron of Uhlans of 2nd Brigade of Polish Legions under command of cavalry captain Zbigniew Dunin-Wasowicz passed.

In the interwar period, this attack was placed next to the greatest successes and exploits of Polish cavalry. Today, principally historians and lovers of Polish cavalry history mind about Rokitna.

The attack became a legend just after its end.

Sacrifice and reckless courage of Polish cavalrymen forcing consecutive lines of Russian trenches had an effect not only on imagination – the blood spilt by cavalry captain Dunin-Wąsowicz’s Uhlans moved everybody, both direct observers of the battle and people knowing its course from press reports.

For Poles, the attack near Rokitna, in spite of losses sustained, became a resurrection of old cavalry traditions after years of foreign rule and a blood sacrifice for the resurgent Motherland.

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Read more… (click to go to Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Łukasz Koniarek Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich (Ossolineum)

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„W rocznicę szarży pod Rokitną” (2021) – Łukasz Koniarek

„Księga jazdy polskiej” (1938) – Praca zbiorowa

Szarża pod Rokitną” (2012) – Wojciech Grochowalski

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Honorary Patron: Poznańskie Stowarzyszenie Olimpijskie

Sponsor: ..In Pectore

Guardian: Jumping Events Poznań Sports Club

A cavalry captain. 15th Regiment of Uhlans of Poznań. A silver medallist of Olympic Games in Amsterdam 1928 in show jumping on Mylord.

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Born on 08 October 1901 in Rostov-on-Don He died on 25 June 1986 in London.

His father: Aleksander. His mother: Wanda Scipio del Campo from home. A graduate of a grammar school in Smieła, Kiev guberniya, Infantry Cadet School in Warsaw, Cavalry Training Centre in Grudziądz, Central Gymnastics and Sport School in Poznań. N.C.O. of 11th Regiment of Don Uhlans at Voluntary Russian Army, 2nd Dragoon Regiment of cavalry captain Kossak, 3rd Independent Unit of Border Riflemen, 6th Regiment of Mounted Riflemen, 1st Light Cavalrymen Regiment, a second lieutenant of 15th Regiment of Uhlans of Poznań.

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Amsterdam: 17th May – 12th August 1928 – silver medal on Mylord together with Michał Antoniewicz-Woysym on Readgledt and Kazimierz Szosland on Ali. In individual show jumping, he was placed fourth on Mylord.

Before he was the Olympic medallist in 1928, he had been a soldier first.
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Since 1919, the senior rifleman Kazimierz Gzowski fought for Poland at 2nd Dragoon Regiment. Since 06 August 1919, he was a corporal at 6th Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. Since September 1920, he fought as a platoon leader at a squadron of heavy machineguns of 1st Light Cavalrymen Regiment.

Read more… (click to go to Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Witold Duński

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„Kazimierz Gzowski” (2012) – Witold Duński

„Honorowa Odznaka Jeździecka” (1936) – Redakcja czasopisma Jeździec i Hodowca

„Jeźdźcy polscy na IX Olimpjadzie” (1928) – Leon Kon

„Gzowski Kazimierz Aleksander” – Zespół redakcyjny

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Honorary Patron: Jerzy Wojciech Sienkiewicz

Sponsor: Bogusław Lustyk

Guardians: Petroniusz Frejlich, Krzysztof Czarnota

A romantic, a horse breeder, a field crown chancellor. A descendant of the oldest and the most powerful noble families in Poland. A “Gold-bearded emir”.

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Roman Abraham was born on 15 December 1784 in Lvov. He was killed on14 May 1831 in a battle near Daszów.

(…) One of Wacław’s biographers, Antoni Józef Rolle, noticed:


„[…] Emir’s life, although so many times told, was not properly examined yet and this is a rewarding and instructive theme even for an explorer”.


Today, in spite of twenty literary works devoted to Rzewuski and almost the same number of elaborations that originated since the Daszów battle, the above statement remains actual. There are no exhaustive and general research of the count’s life. The most of the mentioned elaborations relate to chosen fragments of his life and many of them arose based on single or incredible sources.

For example, orientalists or pure-bred Arabians breeders were interested only in the “hippological” and “Arabian” thread of Emir’s biography, however researchers of Polish conspiratorial and patriotic activity in nineteenth century did not bestow too much attention to Rzewuski. And after all, this is extremely interesting theme. Already Lucjan Siemieński wrote about Wacław:


“I do not know a man that could deliver, in our prosaic times, such a great poetic thread like him, not only with all his life but even with his death.
Be killed in a battle would be an ordinary matter – so many others died and die in this way – but get lost mysteriously – traceless… not every man can”

Piotr Jaxa Bykowski, one of nineteenth-century biographers of Rzewuski, was awake to imperfection of elaboration written hitherto.
He emphasized a need to fill up the existing gap by conducting deep source research. In 1879, he wrote:


“Maybe, somebody will create a whole from our monographs [concerning Wacław Rzewuski – F. K.]” (…)


We invite you to get the feel of the dissertation that makes an attempt to present the whole question, i.e. Wacław “Emir” Rzewuski’s biography, to evaluate his achievements, to describe his progeny lots and Rzewuski’s family history beginning from their legendary, fairy rudiments.


Read more… (click to go to Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Filip Kucera

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Duma o Wacławie Rzewuskim” – Juliusz Słowacki
„Emir Rzewuski” (1933) – Witold Pruski
„Wieniec Sławy, Sługa Znaku” (2012) – Izabella Pawelec Zawadzka
„Historia hodowli koni arabskich w Polsce – Emir Wacław Rzewuski” (2000) – Roman Pankiewicz
Krzysztof Czarnota o Emirze Wacławie Rzewuskim | FILM
„Ludzie i konie na kresach – Emir Wacław Rzewuski” (2018) – Krzysztof Czarnota
„Zapomniane hippologiczne prace Emira Rzewuskiego” (1934) – Józef Mencel
Wacław Seweryn Rzewuski i jego konie arabskie | FILM
„Wacław 'Emir’ Rzewuski (1784-1831) podróżnik i żołnierz” (2015) – Filip Kucera
„Magnat, poeta, awanturnik, patriota” (2002) – Hanna Łysakowska
„Wacław Rzewuski” (2021) – Krzysztof Czarnota
„Stado Emira – fragmenty” (1996) – Roman Pankiewicz

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Honorary Patron:

Sponsor:

Guardians: Łukasz Koniarek / Ossoliński National Institute

Brigadier general of Polish Army. A heroic defender of Lvov. A commander of 26th Regiment of Uhlans of Great Poland and Cavalry Brigade of Great Poland during the September campaign in 1939. A doctor of laws. Before 1914, a member of National Youth Union (“Z”) and Bartosz Squads.

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Roman Abraham was born on 22 February 1891 in Lvov. He died on 26 August 1976 in Warsaw The general was buried next to his mother at Parish Cemetery in Września.

During the World War I, he was a cavalry officer at Austrian Army. Since November 1918 – at Polish Army; after graduation at French Staff College (1922) – a lecturer of general tactics at the Staff College.

Within the period 1927-39, he was a commander of: 26th Uhlans’ Regiment, Pomeranian Cavalry Brigade and Cavalry Brigade of Great Poland.

In September 1939 he was a commander of the operational group of cavalry at “Poznań” Army and participated the battle on Bzura; then – in German captivity. After his home-coming, retired. An author of historic-military works.

Read more… (click to go to Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Source: Mała Encyklopedia Wojskowa (Smal Military Encyclopaedia), 1st edition; editor: Jerzy Bordziłowski, Warsaw 1967

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Kawaleria w Kampanii Wrześniowej 1939” (1969) – Roman Abraham

„Roman Abraham i Straceńcy ” (2021) – Łukasz Koniarek