Honorary Patron:

Sponsor: Barbara Towpik-Roszkiewicz
Guardians: Muzeum Południowego Podlasia

A painter, an illustrator of natural books and atlases, an animalist. An art visionary (www.pcbj.pl).


Janusz Towpik was born on 18th July 1934 in Cieszyn, however he was bound with Warsaw all his life.

In 1959, he graduated at Architecture Faculty of Technical University of Warsaw. He studied painting as an unregistered student at Academy of Arts in Warsaw under the leadership of Prof. Michał Bylina.
Based on his works submitted, he was admitted to Polish Painters’ Association in 1962. Beginning from this year, he has been an assistant and then a lecturer at Drawing, Painting and Sculpture Department of Architecture Faculty of Technical University of Warsaw for near 15 years.

Within seventies, he worked with Zoo in Warsaw where he created he iconographic archive and also he used to conduct the artistic club for children; it was one of the first clubs of this type in Europe.

Beginning from sixties, he illustrated popularized scientific books, natural textbooks and atlases but first of all, he was an author of illustrations for about 30 books for children and young people as well as a dozen or so fairytales for slide projector. He worked with such magazines as ‘Łowca Polski’, ‘Płomyk’ or ‘Przyroda Polska’.

He designed also small graphic forms, among others postage stamps, postcards, exlibrises, logotypes and match labels. He was an author of countless sketches and drawings inspired by Polish nature. He was a horse expert and lover.

He took part in number of contests and exhibitions. His last works included a cycle of awarded hunting tapestry designs and an inlay series designed based on the similar motives.

Text author: Barbara Towpik-Roszkiewicz

Go to the artist’s entry in the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

Janusz Towpik – Art Visionary | PCBJ


Maria Kownacka, Kruczek chudy nie miał budy, BW Ruch 1960
Wanda Markowska, Anna Milska, Śpiew kolibrów, NK 1968
Myśliwy Charibu. Baśnie wschodnie, gathered and developed by A.Brindarow, NK 1968
Ewa Szelburg-Zarembina, Najmilsi, Czytelnik 1968
Henryk Sienkiewicz, W pustyni i w puszczy, NK 1969
Ruth Manning-Saunders, O śpiącym królewiczu. Greckie baśnie ludowe, NK 1969
Friedrich Feld, Papuga z Isfahanu, NK 1970
Angel Karalijczew, Trzej bracia i złota jabłoń, NK 1970
Halina Pietrusiewicz, Psie rozmowy, NK 1970
Mieczysława Buczkówna, Leśna ścieżka, BW Ruch 1970
Halina Górska, O księciu Gotfrydzie rycerzu gwiazdy wigilijnej, NK 1971
Rudyard Kipling, Księga dżungli, NK 1973
Jadwiga Żylińska, Opowieść o Heraklesie, KAW 1973
Jadwiga Żylińska, Wyprawa po złote runo, KAW 1974
Jadwiga Żylińska, Młodość Achillesa, KAW 1974
Kath Walker, Senne widziadła,NK 1977
Leopold Staff, Deszcz majowy, NK 1978
Zygmunt Katuszewski, Włodyka praojciec królów, NK 1978
Luciano Sterpellone, Cudowna maszyna. Fantastyczne tajemnice ludzkiego ciała, KAW 1979
Ewa Szelburg-Zarembina, Lech, Czech i Rus, KAW 1980

Włodzimierz Serafiński, Ssaki Polski, PZWS 1965
Andrzej Rudnicki, Ryby wód polskich. Atlas, WSiP 1965
Encyklopedia Powszechna PWN, t.IV, zoogeographic tables, PWN 1976
Zbigniew Woliński, Janusz Towpik, Małpy i małpiatki. Atlas, WSiP 1990


1967 – All-Poland Contest of Belles-Lettres Illustrations – 3rd prize for illustrations
to J. Lasocka’ book ‘Król poluje’

1968 – ZPAP Contest entitled ‘Rider and horse’ – 1st prize for the coupon-book cycle

1978 – the Great Prize of European Philately and the prize of President of France at XXXII Autumn Philatelic Showroom in Paris for the postage stamps of series ‘Trees’

1978 – 1st prize at the 1st All-Poland Contest of Painting Designs of Tapestries for South Poland Castles, within the department ‘Hunting and game shooting’

1980 – the Special Prize at XXII Publishers’ Contest ‘The Most Beautiful Books of 1979’
for illustrations to the book by L. Sterpellone ‘Cudowna maszyna. Fantastyczne tajemnice ludzkiego ciała’


Illustration to the book by Janina Lasocka
‘Król poluje’ (unpublished), 3rd prize
at All-Poland Contest of
Belles-Lettres Illustrations – 1967
Illustration to the book by Halina Górska
‘O księciu Gotfrydzie, rycerzu
gwiazdy wigilijnej’
Nasza Księgarnia 1971
The work of the cycle ‘Silhouette of a rider and a horse over centuries’ – seventies
‘Rider and horse’ coupon-book design 1968, 1st prize for the cycle of 5 coupon-books
at All-Poland Mixed Contest ‘Rider and horse’
Illustration to the book by
Zygmunt Katuszewski
‘Włodyka praojciec królów’
Nasza Księgarnia 1978

Illustration to the book
‘Myśliwy Charibu. Baśnie wschodnie’ gathered
and developed by Ananij Brindarow,
Nasza Księgarnia 1968

Illustration to the book by Ruth Manning-Saundrs
‘O śpiącym królewiczu. Greckie baśnie ludowe.’ Nasza Księgarnia 1969
Illustration to the book by Janusz Głowacki
‘Miłość i korona’, Nasza Księgarnia 1970
Design of the tapestry ‘Bustard fowling’ 1979
‘Covey by the lake’ 1977, owned by South Podlasie Museum in Biała Podlaska


Honorary Patrons: Jacek Majchrowski

Sponsors: Kasia and Andre Pater, Bogdan Żupinadze

Guardians: Late Ewa Zasada and Sobiesław Zasada

A genial Polish painter, drawer and illustrator. His preferences included horses and history painting. An art visionary (www.pcbj.pl).


Born on October 29, 1824 in Nowy Wiśnicz.

Juliusz Kossak was a senior of the many-talented Kossak family. His admirer, Stanisław Witkiewicz, wrote as follows:

his star had shined with the brightest glare for fifty years of the last century (i.e. nineteenth century)
Juliusz Kossak belonged to the generation of Polish romantics interested in history, battlepiece and genre painting. These painters created their works “towards hearts’ refreshment” and harked back constantly to the tradition, the noble custom and the knightly past.

Whatever lived within area of Poland, all that lives and will live in Kossak’s works – noticed Stanisław Witkiewicz.

Juliusz Kossak’s artistic career was formed by the artistic and gentry circles. He frequented Potocki family in Łańcut, Baworowski, Rozwadowski, Dzieduszycki, Sanguszko and their families at their mansion houses where, as he commented in his “Autobiography”:
I portrayed each of the beautiful horses (…) I painted horses, dogs, wolves and Kozaks. Juliusz Kossak owed a lot an Arabian horse expert, Władysław Rozwadowski, whereby he met Piotr Michałowski, 
the most superb horse painter.

The common motive of all Juliusz Kossak’s creation periods was a horse – a hero of history, landscape and genre paintings as well as portraits of riders and horses of different colours; a horse was a symbol of romantic freedom and liberty. Juliusz Kossak was also a horse expert and psychologist; he knew horses, understood their psyche and admired their beauty and movement elegance.

Arabian horses played a special role in Juliusz Kossak’s creation; they were a synonym not only a beauty but also the Orient highly respected by romantics. Expeditions to the East to buy Arabian horses became simply an obligatory stage of young generation education. The Arabian horses were also heroes of innumerable pages of poems depicting their beauty.

Juliusz Kossak showed the beloved horses simply masterfully. At first, there were rigid portraits of noble horses; at the next period, horses occurred in more and more expanded scenes showing their temperament, uproar, gallopade, movement. He painted, always on order, stud farms of exceptional beauty, borderland landscapes, most often Podolian, with wide, hazy horizons; they were the stud farms of the following owners: Stanisław Dunin-Borkowski, Sanguszko family, Jan Tarnowski, Przybysław Śreniawita; the paintings include the real masterpieces, eg. “Stud farm at Podolia” of 1886 or “Stud farm at meadow” of 1891. He registered also appassionato scenes depicting wolf, bear, fox hunt and bustard hunting with greyhounds wherein horses played leading roles, of course. Also, he returned readily to scenes from horse fairs where he seized the opportunity to present different breeds and different horse temperaments.

Juliusz Kossak was also undisputed master of watercolour technique in which he obtained absolute mastery. Thanks to his simply photographic memory, he created his compositions with amazing ease. He used sparing of colour, clear, soft and pictorial water-colour with superiority of warm, rust-coloured and golden tones.

Juliusz Kossak was a senior of the many-talented, both in painting and in literature, family. The painters were: the ancestor Juliusz; his brother Leon (dead childlessly) – a participant of risings, a Siberian deportee, an aquarellist-amateur; Juliusz’s son, Wojciech, a continuator of his father’s art; Wojciech’s son, Jerzy; the second Juliusz’s grandson, Karol, who was son of Stefan, brother of Wojciech.

Literary abilities came to light in the third generation, at both Wojciech’s daughters: Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska, a poetess, and Magdalena Starzewska-Niewidowska, a writer, who wrote under a psedonym Magdalena Samozwaniec; and at Tadeusz’s daughter, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka-Szatkowska (Tadeusz was Wojciech’s twin brother).

Author: Stefania Krzysztofowicz-Kozakowska

Juliusz Kossak died on February 3, 1899 in Kraków, at the age of 75. He is buried at the Rakowicki Cemetery in Kraków (northern section XIIb, main avenue, the family tomb).

Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„’Fabryczka’ Kossaków…” (2021) – S. Krzysztofowicz-Kozakowska

„Kossakowie ; The Kossaks” [PL+EN] (2016) – Praca zbiorowa

„Kossakowie” [PL, EN] (2015) – S. Krzyształowicz-Kozakowska

„Kossakowie” (2005) – S. Krzyształowicz-Kozakowska

„Kossakowie” (2001) – S. Krzyształowicz-Kozakowska

„Juliusz Kossak” (2000) – Kazimierz Olszański

„Niepospolity ród Kossaków” (2000) – Zespół redakcyjny

„Juliusz Kossak” (1988) – Kazimierz Olszański

„Kossakowie” (1986) – Zespół redakcyjny

„Sztuka dynastii Kossaków” (1986) – Stanisław Ledóchowski

„Juliusz Kossak — piewca urody koni” (1974) – Stanisław Ledóchowski

„Juliusz Kossak” (1900) – Stanisław Witkiewicz

Juliusz Kossak – Art Visionary | PCBJ

Related articles:

Wojciech Kossak

An art visionary. A painter. A graduate of the Art Schools in Cracow and Munich. He is an author of such works as: ‘Olszynka Grochowska’, ‘Attack of 5th Zamojscy Uhlans Regiment’, ‘Uhlan’s rest’.

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Soldiers of light cavalry on the Rhine river – Juliusz Kossak 1866
Stud farm at Podolia – Juliusz Kossak 1886


Honorary Patrons: Joanna Jaśkowiak – Member of the Parliament of the Republic of Poland, Ryszard Bober – Senator of the Republic of Poland


Guardians: prof. Jadwiga Rotnicka – Senator of the Republic of Poland, Portal “Ogiery i Hodowla”

The countess has been remembered as a good woman and an unattainable landlady at Wojcieszków estate [1].


Maria Pia Elżbieta Apolonia Plater-Zyberk was born on 5th November 1872. She was the third of five children of Tadeusz Plater-Zyberk and Zofia Aleksandrowicz. She died on October 4, 1964 in Warsaw. She is buried in the Powązki Cemetery in the family tombs of the Plater-Zyberk family.

The countess’s father was an outstanding breeder and a farmer. He started horse breeding in Wojcieszków and his horses supplied military stables up to 1939.

In the interwar period, the Stud Farm in Wojcieszków had about 30 half-bred mares and stallions from the Stallion Depot of Janów Podlaski based there. Among others, the world famous stallion Ramzes was born in Wojcieszków.

In 1929, Maria Plater Zyberk bought a mare Jordi at auction at the Stud Farm in Janów Podlaski; the grey mare Jordi was born in 1928 by Schagya out of Demeter by Bakszysz oo out of Astarte by Amurath (Weil) out of Dahoman XII. Three years old Jordi was included into dams in Wojcieszków.

Ramzes’s father, English thoroughbred Rittersporn, that had good results in steeple-chase in Germany, stayed and mated (probably for life) at the Stud Farm Wojcieszków since 1930 (district Łuków).

In 1937, dam Jordi gave birth to a colt named Ramzes.

In early January 1940, German invaders started reconstruction of the stud farm and the stallions’ depot in Janów Podlaski. The dozen or so young stallions saved at the training institution in Kozienice were brought; in addition, stallions from East Prussia arrived. Tadeusz Marchowiecki remembers in his article “Ramzes”:
“I took advantage of the fact that further stallions were sought to purchase and I informed Gustaw Rau about four Rittersporn’s sons in Wojcieszków. All stallions were bought for PLN 20 thousand.” [2]

The countess made also a contribution to foundation of the parish Polish Young Women Association. The Association had its own banner, a library, a stall with devotional articles, conducted retreat, organized agricultural courses. Members played volleyball, organized Nativity play, sang at chorus. They participated in various courses; they even went by farm trailers to the cinema in Łuków. They conducted collection for poorest people for Christmas.

At first,the countess Maria Plater-Zyberk lived with her daughter Marylka in Wojcieszków but due to introduction of a German administrator and several robberies committed on her home, they moved from the palace with nothing and then lived at Krakowskie Przedmieście in Warsaw.

The countess Maria Plater – Zyberk died in Warsaw on 4th October 1964. She has been buried at Powązki cemetery in the Plater – Zyberk family grave.

Memory of people and horses that made Poland famous worldwide did not get lost at the Ramzes’s birthplace, the commune Wojcieszków. Ms Jadwiga Józwik, the president of Wojcieszków Friends Association, said: “We want at last to inform wide circles of people on Wojcieszków. Our commune can build its identity and future on Ramzes’s history. It was a city in 16th century. Within 1970s, we still were first in the province as regards horse breeding. We have weak soil and no industry but by contrast – excellent conditions to develop tourism. I think, Ramzes can become an attraction that, besides the glorious church and the regional exhibition room with numerous showpieces, will attract people here and the agricultural tourism will develop. Not only the commune will earn due to this but also the district.”[3]

[1]http://wolabystrzyckafotografie.blogspot.com/2015/11/maria-plater-zyberk-hrabina-z.html, access of 20.11.2019, 14:00

[2]Koń Polski, 1968 no 4 p. 20

[3]http://www.lukow24.pl/wiadomosci/informacje/pomnik-konia-w-wojcieszkowie,p29687820, access of 20.11.2019, 14:20

„Ramzes” (1968) – Tadeusz Marchowiecki


Honorary Patron: Bogdan Gancarz

Sponsors: Polski Związek Hodowców Koni (Polish Horse Breeders’ Union), Paweł Mazurek

Guardian: Paweł Jannasz

A full professor of agricultural sciences at Polish Academy of Sciences, a recognized hippologist and Polish chronicler of horse breeding.


He was born in Tbilisi, Georgia, on 13th July 1897.

The many years’ chief of Horse Breeding Department at Agriculture Ministry, the full professor of agricultural sciences at Polish Academy of Sciences, the outstanding hippologist and the chronicler of horse breeding, the professor honoris causa of SGGW-AR in Warsaw.

The not so tall, quiet, modest, mannerly senior citizen. He did not like turmoil and large meetings; he felt the best among his beloved books and while writing. He was a typical “bookworm”. However, when his Motherland was in want, he stood for it with a weapon.

In 1915, he started studying at the Science Faculty of University in Kiev. When Polish military formations arose after czarism overthrow in 1917, he joined up as a volunteer and his draft became a beginning of 19th Regiment of Volhynian Uhlans. Later, already as a non-commissioned officer, he was attached to 2nd Regiment of Grochowski Uhlans, in which he campaigned within 1919-1920.

This was the period when two Professor’s passions developed: love of horses and books. As he wrote later:

Continuous relations with horses for near 4 years of service at cavalry, at the beginning as a private, then a corporal and a platoon, developed my predilection and even passion for these noble animals. This feeling became strong enough that I decided to study agriculture and professionally deal with improvement of the national horse breeding.

In 1919, he bought his first book. This was “Rider’s training. Official regulations” issued by Ministry of Military Affairs. This purchase got out of the fact that Professor was not satisfied with indications of officers and riding instructors only. He needed more – the theoretical knowledge. And this very need of incessant knowledge acquisition became a motive power of all his life that brought him from a private at cavalry up to professor’s titles and to a name of the Polish outstanding hippologist.

However, before he became the outstanding scientist, he had succeeded for many years in: “working in the field of improvement of the national horse breeding”.

Already during his studies at the Agricultural Faculty of the Main School of Farming, i.e. in 1925, he started working as a horse breeding inspector at the central Association of Agricultural Organizations and Granges. After graduation, as an agricultural engineer, he started working at the Ministry of Agriculture. He overpassed the successive ranks there and, in 1935, he obtained appointment as a chief of the Horse Breeding Department. National stud farms (few before the war) and stallions’ depots were subject to him. He worked at this position until outbreak of war and also after its end, until 1956. During occupation, he worked as a horse breeding inspector at the Warsaw Chamber of Agriculture.

During his work at the Ministry of Agriculture for 20 years, Professor made contribution to issue of 20 legal acts of importance for development horse breeding in Poland, both before and after the war. He is much-deserved in the field of arrangement of all issues connected with publication of Stud Books. Hardly anybody knows that several months before outbreak of World War II, Professor opened the racecourse at Służewiec, put into operation in June 1939, in atypical manner. Well, he gained a honour that he was the first man who could gallop on horseback on the green racetrack.

In 1955, due to his effort, the Central Government of Horse Breeding transferred the farm Popielno at Masuria together with Koniks (little Polish horses) assembled there for disposal of Polish Academy of Science. Thanks to this, the preservation breeding of this native breed was made possible in natural conditions as well as the scientific research at the experimental centre created by Polish Academy of Science. Afterwards, Professor conducted the research for 15 years.


When in 1956 he was transferred officially from Ministry of Agriculture to Polish Academy of Science, he obtained appointment as an associate professor. He was entitled as a full professor by the State Council’s act of 26th February 1965. In 1972, he was pensioned off and in December 1980, on Prof. Jerzy Chachuła’s initiative, the senate of SGGW-AR entitled him as a doctor honoris causa of this Academy.


In the interwar period, Professor wrote mainly articles on the horse breeding of that time. The only larger work from this period is “Ruler” – the monograph of the superb Polish stallion, English Thoroughbred, of the end of 19th century.

During occupation, Professor continued collection of books, magazines and documents that he elaborated. The effect of the above was the first after-war work: “History of the Stud Farm in Janów Podlaski, 1817-1939” that appeared in 1948.

In late 1950s, Professor wrote the two-volume academic manual “Horse breeding”. The first volume appeared in 1960 and the second one (wrote together with Jan Grabowski and Stanisław Schuch) – in 1963. The both volumes are an invaluable mine of information on horse breeding not only for students and it is a good message that PWRiL decided to issue a reprint the first volume as yet but the second volume is also to be reprinted soon.

In 1970, the next documenting work was issued, also by PWRiL: “History of thoroughbreds racing and breeding in Poland, the Polish Kingdom 1815-1918”.

Its continuation was the work entitled “Racing and breeding the Thoroughbreds and pure-bred Arabians in Poland within 1918-1939” issued this time by Ossolineum in 1980.

In turn, Sport and Tourism Publishing issued “History of jumping competitions in Poland” in 1982. It is necessary to add only that this is the history from beginning of Polish equestrian sport until 1939.

The last book written by Professor is “Two centuries of Polish breeding of Arabians (1778-1978) and its successes worldwide” issued by PWRiL in 1983, so a year before the author’s death.

Historical and annalistic works where Professor documented the history of horse breeding at Polish lands (as well as of other animals; see the three-volume elaboration “Animal farming at Polish Kingdom within 1815-1918” or similar two-volume elaboration concerning Galicia and one volume on Great Poland) would not be possible but for his library and archive. This was his workspace gathered by him meticulously i laboriously for near 60 years (1923-1980). His library included 1894 items in 2000 volumes and his archive divided into 4 sections consists of: over 10 thousand documenting cards, 93 notebooks, 60 file covers and near 2000 unique photographs.

This priceless collection survived the war thanks to Professor’s wife, Maria Monasterska-Pruska, and this was described by Professor after years. Namely, when Germans took Professor away to the camp in Pruszków in the latter part of Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, only his wife and the maid-servant stayed at home at Saska Kępa. When Red Army and Polish forces occupied Praga, Nazis started to cannonade Saska Kępa. It became clear that the house must be left, Then, Maria Pruska, while understanding value of her husband’s collection, got somehow Gen. Marian Spychalski, showed cause to him and asked for help to take the books away. On second thoughts, Spychalski informed that he just was to send an empty truck for food to Lublin, so the book could be loaded there. And this became true. In a hurry, soldiers and Mrs. Pruska threw the books to the truck like potatoes, through fear of bombardment, until it was filled to the brim. In Lublin, thanks to Mrs Pruska’s intercession, Gen. Leon Bukojemski, the city commander of that time, took care of the library. By way of digression, General played then the important role in saving the racing stables on the racecourse in Lublin and, after the war, horse racing owed him much, too. Anyway, the most of Professor’s collection survived.

In 1980, Professor transferred his collection to the Main School of Farming. At the beginning, it was stored in Brwinów and then at the Zootechnics Department in its newbuilt seat at Ciszewskiego 8 where Prof. Witold Pruski‘s library is located to this day.

The library transfer was, in a way, Professor’s desperate act – his old age was not kind for him. Unfortunately, Mr and Mrs Pruski had no children nor close relatives. In summer 1981, the first bad luck happened to Professor. After cerebral haemorrhage, it appeared that he already could not write and even had difficulties with reading. At that time, when he could not work any longer, the care of his sick wife became the aim of his life. The next bad luck happened in 1983. His wife fell over during a walk with him and her head of femur was fractured, and she died soon. It was a terrible blow for Professor, who lost a wish to live. He died on 02 February 1984. He was buried in the family grave at Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw.

Author: Marek Szewczyk

We thank Mr M. Szewczyk for his consent to publish tha above material.

Witold Pruski died in Konstancin near Warsaw on February 2, 1984, at the age of 87. He was buried in the family grave at the Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw.

Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Cześć Jego Pamięci” (2008) – Michał Wierusz-Kowalski

„Wspomnienie o dr. h.c. prof. Witoldzie Pruskim” (1984) – Jerzy Chachuła

„Dwa wieki polskiej hodowli koni arabskich (1778-1978) i jej sukcesy na świecie” (1983) – Witold Pruski

„Otwarcie Biblioteki prof. Witolda Pruskiego” (1983) – D. Kędzierski

„Dzieje konkursów hippicznych w Polsce” (1982) – Witold Pruski

„Wyścigi i hodowla koni pełnej krwi oraz czystej krwi arabskiej w Polsce w latach 1918-1939” (1980) – Witold Pruski

„Moje hobby – to biblioteka hipologiczna” (1979) – Witold Pruski

„Szkice o wkładzie zootechników polskich do kultury hodowlanej kraju i świata” (1979) – Witold Pruski

„Dzieje wyścigów i hodowli koni pełnej krwi w Polsce” (1970) – Witold Pruski

„Hodowla zwierząt gospodarskich w Królestwie Polskim w latach 1815-1918. T. 3, Okres 1899-1918” [link] (1969) – Witold Pruski

„Hodowla zwierząt gospodarskich w Królestwie Polskim w latach 1815-1918. T. 2, Okres 1881-1898” [link] (1968) – Witold Pruski

„Hodowla zwierząt gospodarskich w Królestwie Polskim w latach 1815-1918. T. 1, Okres 1815-1880” [link] (1967) – Witold Pruski

„Początki wyścigów konnych w Polsce” (1965) – Witold Pruski

„Bałaguli i ich zaprzęgi” (1958) – Witold Pruski

„Dzieje państwowej stadniny w Janowie Podlaskim” (1948) – Witold Pruski

„Spostrzeżenia o powstawaniu krajowych rodów męskich i żeńskich w hodowli koni pełnej krwi angielskiej” (1947) – Witold Pruski

„Współczesne zagadnienia polskiej hodowli koni” (1937) – Witold Pruski, Jan Grabowski

„Ruler” (1934) – Witold Pruski

„Ważniejsze prądy krwi w polskiej hodowli koni” – Witold Pruski

See related articles:

Jan Ritz

The first organizer of the stud farm in Janów Podlaski. In 1817, he brought along 154 horses from the neighbourhood of Moscow to Janów Podlaski.

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One of leading contemporary Polish breeders of sports horses (stallion MJT Nevados), an active businessman, a superb farmer.


Born on January 19, 1951. He died on November 14, 2016.

In 2016, we said goodbye for ever to many outstanding figures of Polish breeding and horsemanship; Stanisław Szurik joined them in November; he was one of the most outstanding Polish contemporary sports horse breeders, the active businessman, the superb farmer honoured with the title of Farmer of Pomerania & Kuyaves; he was stuck on hunting. The steeds bred at his stud farm in Liszkowo have decided on quality of Kuyavian-Pomeranian breeding of noble horses for years – they were the object of admiration and the unattainable example for all of us.

Stanisław started interesting in horse breeding in mid-nineties when he started farming at Liszkowo in Krajno; it was a place of over centennial tradition of noble horse breeding. With his great experience in agriculture and breeding farm animals of other species, he put on quality first of all. He organized a stud farm with mares coming from the renowned national and foreign stud farms and stallions of the best lines. From the beginning, he paid particular attention to selection of the bred horses as regards their performance and exterior. This concept was superbly adapted to the developing breeding events (mare performance tests, shows and breeding exhibitions) organized by Kuyavian-Pomeranian Horse Breeders’ Union where the horses from Liszkowo played leading roles from the beginning.

In parallel, the breeding and training infrastructure was developed in a form of adaptation of stylish nineteenth century stables, a riding school as well as new pastures. In noble horse breeding, competence and commitment of people who work with animals is of paramount importance. Stanisław was a good manager in this field as well – the following people worked at stables in Liszkowo: Jakub Kaczmarek, Rafał Narloch, Anita Raszka, Jan Korczyński, Katarzyna Szczubiał and, first of all, Krzysztof Kierzek – who administers ZT Bielice, one of the best training centres for young horses in Poland today.

At the beginning, two leading sires, Grand de la Cour and Concert, were light of Stanisław’s eye; they were provided with training and presentation up to the all-Poland level; this was the best advertising for their lineage that was born at the stables in Liszkowo.

He offered his stallions to breeders at preferential terms and, in consequence, the sires belonged to the most used stallions in Poland! Although he loved them passionately, he perceived soon that the real future belongs to new procreation techniques; at that time this was not such obvious at all for the most of our breeders. In the following years, procreation as a whole was based on insemination, mostly with frozen semen imported, at first, from Zangersheide (Calvados Z, Chicago Z and Crown Z) and then from French breeders (Leoville, Johnny Boy II and Top Gun Semilly) and German breeders (Cordess and Black Jack). The success was ensured by cooperation with Dr Przemysław Mazurek who dealt with the stud farm in
Liszkowo from the beginning. Soon, first successes occurred at breeding and sports arenas. We can mention the horses that won sports and breeding laurels at training centres and shows for the long time.

Granit S sp (Faust Z – Gracenta han by Graf Grannus han) – started at the level DR ZO (Hubert Kierznowski) and then, at the Canadian team, at Show Jumping World Cup. Quattro S sp (Romualdo kwpn – Quanta by Quamiro hol), noted at WBFSH ranking, started at the level DR ZO (Bartłomiej Włodarski); Mozart sp (Mywill kwpn – Morena wlkp by Mapnik wlkp) was a finalist of MPMK (Stanisław Marchwicki), and then Junior & Young Rider Champion of Poland (Piotr Sikorski). At last, the performance tests champions, the mares Fabreggia S sp, Federica S sp (also the MPMK-A finalist), Faworytka S sp, Donna Rosa S sp and many others…

However, all of these successes are unequal to triumphs achieved by the grey stallion Nevados S (Calvados Z – Nestia S by Romualdo). At first, it was Young Horses Championship of Poland for four and five years’ (under Jacek Zagor) and then the World Champion title for seven years’ in show jumping in 2015 (under Gregory Wathelet (BEL)). At that time, it seemed to be the top success of Polish breeding for many years. But seasons 2018-2019 were even more successful. After wins in Paris, Waregem, Liege and Prague, Nevados won the title of the Team Champion of Europe and his daughter Donna Neva S (Daria Kobiernik) was the best of four years’ at the Young Horses Championship of Poland. His next daughter, Capella sp was the champion at Polish Sports Horse Days. Nevados’s sons were not worse. Fabregas S sp was the best stallion of Polish breeding at the Field Performance Test; Why Not wlkp – the Great Poland Horse Champion; and Celynos sp – the North Poland Champion in jumping on its own. While taking into account that all of these horses represent the first two age groups (very few) of Nevados’s lineage, we can speak courageously this is a stallion of huge pre-potency as regards sports features and he follows Ramzes to join the legends of the worldwide breeding. Also, the list of successes of horses owned by other breeders who brought their animals from Liszkowo is spacious. Stanisław Szurik’s breeding philosophy was always characterized by patriotic attitude and affection for the domestic breeding organisation, i.e. Kuyavian-Pomeranian Horse Breeders’ Union. He never betrayed Polish breeding and did not decide to enter his horses into foreign Stud Books.

Crowds during his funeral testified best on influence exercised by this very good and modest breeder on his environment; the man who stuck to tradition and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Horse Breeders’ Union and made Polish horses famous worldwide…

Read more… (click to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Tomasz Bagniewski

We thank Polish Horse Breeders’ Union and the magazine ‘Hodowca i Jeździec’ for their consent to publish this material.

Entry updated: 05.05.2023

Stanisław Szurik died on November 14, 2016, at the age of 65. He was buried in Mroczy.

Publications in the Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

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„MJT Nevdos S sp – Mistrz Mistrzów, dobry bo polski” (2023) – Tomasz Bagniewski

„Stanisław Szurik” (2017) – Tomasz Bagniewski

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Honorary Patrons:


Guardians: Family of Andrzej Novak-Zempliński

A painter, an architect, a restauranteur of ancient monuments. Many of his paintings depicted horses. An art visionary (www.pcbj.pl).


Born in 1949 in Olsztyn.

Andrzej Novak-Zempliński was born in Olsztyn in 1949. In 1971, he started studying at the Arts Faculty of Mikołaj Kopernik University in Toruń. Then, he continued studying at the Painting Faculty of Academy of Arts in Warsaw at prof. Michał Bylina’s and prof. Ludwik Maciąg’s studios. He graduated in 1976 with a honours degree.

His professors M. Bylina and L. Maciąg, the well-deserved educators, were horse lovers and popularisers of horses and battlepieces in painting and, doubtless, they made a contribution to his declaration as a horse painter.

A. Novak-Zempliński showed his water-colours, pastels and drawings at the Jubilee Horse Auction in Książ in May 1974. But his official debut took place at the BWA salon in Sopot, at the exhibition “Team in painting” in August 1975 on the occasion of III Europe Championships in Horse Driving.

He likes easel painting but deals also with the architectural design, preservation of ancient monuments and gardens. He was an expert for the Minister of Culture and National Heritage, specialized in historical horse carriages, saddles with accessories and harnesses. He is a member of the Main Board of the Old Weapon and Colours Association and the President of its Metropolitan Department as well as a founder and President of the Domus Polonus Association incorporating the owners of ancient country seats and of Polish Coach Society that deals with museum management, historical horse carriages and propagation of the traditional horse driving.

Since 1980, he has been dealing with reconstruction and maintenance of the ancient courtly complex in Tułowice; he received the First-Degree Prize from the Ministry of Culture and Art in 1998 for this work and the most prestigious European prize in the domain of cultural heritage protection – the Europa Nostra Medal in 1999.

The cultural heritage of Polish court and the tradition of the gentry are the main subjects of Andrzej Novak-Zempliński’s collecting interests; he re-equips the ancient interiors of the court in Tułowice but the special part of these sets is the unique collection of courtly horse carriages, harnesses and accessories.

At present, the collection counts 24 carriages, wherein a half of them has the established origin and the most of them comes from the known Polish coaching firms including the leading Warsaw companies of 19th and early 20th centuries. The carriage exhibition is located at the adapted building of the old stable and is available for visitors.

His paintings show mainly horses at various aspects of their use. They are portraits of the horses well-deserved in breeding, the outstanding racehorses, saddle-horses and coach horses at work, at stable, at grass as well as the scenes of equestrian shows, horse fairs and battlepieces. These paintings are owned by many outstanding breeders, owners, horse lovers and sporting art collectors from Western Europe and America

Go to the artist’s entry in the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

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„Andrzej Novak-Zempliński – młody malarz koni” – Antoni Święcki

„W kręgu malarstwa Andrzeja Novak-Zemplińskiego” (1980) – Antoni Święcki

Andrzej Novak-Zempliński – Wizjoner Sztuki | PCBJ



Honorary Patron:


Guardians: Daniel Kozłowski, Anna i Artur Bober

The first female trainer in the history of Służewiec Racecourse. She established her racing stable in 1976.


Aged 12, she started horseback-riding at the sports stable at Służewiec in Warsaw.

When she was 16 years old, she moved to the racing stable. A year later, she made her debut as a lady rider – amateur in a race with professional jockeys.

After obtaining the secondary-school certificate, she worked at the Selection Department at PTWK; she worked and rode at the racing stable; she raced (42 wins) and in afternoons, she trained riders as an instructor at the sports club (LOK). At the same time, she studied zootechnics by default.

After graduation in 1975, she became a trainer of racehorses at the racecourse in Wrocław. Unfortunately, consequently, she had to end her riding career. In the first season of her training job, she became the champion of trainers and horses trained by her won all of the greatest races at Partynice, among others Derby, Oaks and Wielka Wrocławska. After so spectacular success, he was invited by the PTWK director of that time to Warsaw and she took over the stable at Służewiec.

She ended her trainer’s career after the season 2015.

Within her almost 40 years’ work with racehorses, she can really pride herself on the following successes:
• she was chosen as a Trainer of the Year by racing reporters three times,
• the horses trained by her won their races almost 200 times,

In 2017, she was honored with the H.H. Sheikh Fatim Bint Mubarak Darley Awards for her track records in training of Arabian racehorses. Unfortunately, she could not attend the award ceremony that took place at Dolby Theatre in Hollywood. Dorota received her award at Służewiec, at the paddock, before decoration of Shannon Queen after Derby 30/07/2017.

Many of her charges that won the most prestigious awards are recorded at the horse racing history as the outstanding horses. They were, among others, as follows:

English Thoroughbreds:
• The Prime Minister’s Prize – HEADY BID, SZARLATAN (x3), DELANO, MYSTERY, TULIPA
• Spring Prize (1000 guineas) – DAXI
• Ruler’s Prize (2000 guineas) – LIMAK, ARCTIC
• St. Leger Prize – CISÓW, HALLMARK, RUTEN
• Wielka Warszawska Prize – CISÓW, ARCTIC, TULIPA
and also, and maybe first of all, Kałuba was a co-authoress of successes of the splendid mare DŻAMAJKA (tr. B. Strójwąs) that won the following prizes: Derby, Liry (Oaks), St. Leger, Wielka Warszawska and Cena Slovenska and was recognized in Poland as a “Horse of the Century” as well as the mare SAVVANNAH that won the following prizes: Oaks, Europe and Criterium.

Pure-bred Arabians:
• Europe Prize – DRUID (x 2)

After ending her career, Dorota opted out of the public life. She lives with her husband by Warsaw where she is glad of the retired person life; she deals mainly with her home, family, garden (she adores flowers) and dogs. In summer, she likes travelling with her camper all over Poland.


Dorota Kałuba honored with H.H. Sheikh Fatim Bint Mubarak Darley Awards for her track records in training of Arabian racehorses.


Honorary Patron: Aleksandra & Marcin Zamoyski

Sponsor: Rafał Jerzy

Guardian: Adam Zamoyski

A landed proprietor, a soldier, a cavalryman, General Sikorski’s adjutant. He made a contribution to repatriation of about 1500 horses (seized by Germans) back to Poland.


Stefan Adam Zamoyski was born on 4th February 1904 at Racewo estate near Orsza in Russian Empire as the son of Austrian serfs, Władysław Zamoyski and Maria Mężyńska from home. He died on October 27, 1976 in San Francisco, California, USA.

In 1912, he started learning at the Page Corps in Petersburg but stopped it due to his parents’ decision. Within 1916-1922, he graduated at the Benedictine Downside School in Stratton-on-the-Fosse (Somerset County), United Kingdom. Besides the general education, he possessed proficiency in English, French, Russian and German. In 1922, he started studying at the Law Faculty of Jagiellonian University in Cracow and graduated in 1927. In 1931, he defended his doctoral thesis entitled “Agricultural self-government”.

In 1924, he started military service (8th Uhlan Regiment, Cavalry Reserve Cadet School DOK VII) crowned with promotion for a second lieutenant of cavalry reserve in 1927. As a reserve officer, he drilled at 16th and 17th Uhlan Regiments of Great Poland . In 1934, he was in training at the Independent Information Department (of counter-intelligence service) DOK VII In 1920s and 1930s, he managed the family properties: Wysock near Jarosław and Jedlec near Gołuchów. Since 1929, he was married to Princess Elżbieta Czartoryska. They had three children.

During the September campaign in 1939, S.A. Zamoyski served at the Independent Information Department DOK VII and then at the “Germany” Department of Second Echelon Study Division – of the Force II of Commander-in-Chief Staff. As a result of soviet invasion, he crossed the Roumanian border on 18th September and called at Paris in early October 1939. He was addressed to the camp in Cöetquidan where he commissioned 3th Company of II Battalion of 2nd Infantry Regiment (at 1st Grenadier Division). In February 1940, he was transferred together with the Battalion to the Independent Brigade of Podhale Infantry (cavalry captain, April 1940). He campaigned in Norway (Narvik, May-June 1940) and in France, in Bretagne defence. Once the unit was dismissed on 18th June, he broke through to the non-occupied part of France with a group of his subordinates. Then, through Spain and Portugal, he got Great Britain. He was honoured with the Silver Cross of Virtuti Militari and the Cross of Valour for his combat valour in Norway and France.

In November 1940, he was commissioned as an adjutant of the Chief of Staff of the Commander-in-Chief and then as an adjutant of the Commander-in-Chief and a manager of the Political Department of the Commander-in-Chief’s office. He attended many important Polish-British negotiations. In May 1942, he was addressed to Washington as an assistant of the military attache. He was a liaison officer of the Commander-in-Chief at the chief of the British Military Mission in Washington, the field marshal Sir John Dill. In 1943, he was addressed to work at the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS).

In 1944, he finished a course Command and General Staff School US Army in Fort Leavenworth (Kansas).

In November 1944, he returned to Great Britain where he took up his duties as a liaison officer at the Polish 1st Armour Division commanded by Gen. Stanisław Maczek. He was commissioned a major on 1st January 1945 and became a deputy chief of the Polish Military Mission at 21st Army Group. Because he was a farmer in civil life, he obtained appointment as a director of Polish Stud Farms in Germany in October 1945. He made a contribution to repatriation of about 2 thousand high-bred horses seized by Germans.

At the US occupation zone in Germany, he rescued (from a pharmaceutical plant manufacturing serum) about 60 Hungarian Arab horses from the stud farm in Babolna.

He stayed on emigration. Within 1946-1947, he served at Polish Resettlement Corps. He was an active activist of many emigration institutions, mainly in London. Since early 1950s, he was a member of the Council and Board as well as a honorary treasurer of the Gen. Sikorski’s Historical Institute . Among others, he was a member of the Council and Steering Committee of Polish Social and Culture Centre, a charter-member and a delegate of Polish party at European Liaison Group.

In Paris, he sat on the Council of the St. Kazimierz’s Institute . On behalf of his family, he took care for Hôtel Lambert in Paris and for Poles living in Adampol (Polonezköy) near Istanbul. He was the first and many years’ chairman of Polish Library Council (since 1966) and a guardian of Polish Library in London. He made a contribution to its salvage (in mid 1960s). He was a honorary treasurer of Polish Cultural Foundation. During political conflicts in exile, he was nearer to the president August Zaleski’s centre. He acted in the interest of emigration reconciliation.

He was involved in realization of the Katyń Monument in London (among others, as a member of the Katyn Memorial Fund). Since 1950s, he participated in transfer of exhibits to museums in Poland. Among others, he made a contribution to return of arrases. He played a key role in transfer of the historical sword of the king Zygmunt I the Old to Wawel (1963).

He worked as a consultant at the horse breeding field. He was a co-author of the work “Family Tables of Racehorses” (1953). As a member of a council of the British Arab Horse Society, he was a cofounder of the World Arabian Horse Organisation (WAHO, 1970). He organized the Arab horse breeding in Israel from the ground up.

Despite health problems, he participated in WAHO conference in San Francisco in 1976 as a “volunteer delegate” from Israel Horse Society. He died there suddenly on 27th October 1976.

He was honoured posthumously with the Order of Polonia Restituta Second Class (Commander’s Cross with Star) by the authorities of Poland in exile. In May 1978, the funerary urn of Lt Col Dr Stefan Adam Zamoyski was transferred to Poland – to the collegiate church crypt at the ancestral city of Zamoyski’s family, Zamość.Stefan Adam Zamoyski urodził się 4 lutego 1904 roku w majątku Racewo, nieopodal Orszy, w Cesarstwie Rosyjskim, jako syn poddanych austriackich hrabiego Władysława Zamoyskiego i Marii z Mężyńskich. Zmarł 27 października 1976 w San Francisco, stan Kalifornia, USA.

Read more… (click to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Tadeusz Kondracki

You can find links below to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library.

Stefan Adam Zamoyski died on 27 October 1976 in San Francisco, aged 72. On 13 May 1978, the urn with the ashes of Lt. Col. dr. Stefan Adam Zamoyski was deposited in Poland – in the crypt of the collegiate church in the city of Zamość.

Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

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„Stefan Adam Zamoyski” fragmenty – Tadeusz Kondracki

„Stefan Adam Zomoyski” (2020) – Tadeusz Kondracki

„Po jasnej stronie Stefan Zamoyski” (2018) – Hanna Sztuka

„Adam Zamoyski o tym, jak się rozwijał polski patriotyzm” [link] (2016) – Marek Rybarczyk


Stefan Zamoyski’s photos come from Adam Zamoyski’s archive.


Honorary Patron: Polish Thoroughbred Horse Breeders Association

Sponsors: Polish Horse Breeders Association

Guardian: Polish Horse Racing Club – Warsaw

The racing organizer in the pre-war Poland. He saved 250 high-bred horses while bringing them back from Odessa to Warsaw.


He was born on 31 December 1869 in Bershad.

Thanks to his initiative, the significant part of breeding horses (stallions and dams with their youngsters) transported away to Russia during the war have been rescued; he brought 252 horses to Poland while gate-crashing through the difficult area by night to avoid Bolsheviks’ attacks and deliver the horses do the stud farm in Wygoda. After the war, the breeding and racing horses rescued by him became a base of English horse breeding in the independent Poland.

He was a president of the Horse Racing Committee. He was a protector and a honorary member of the Arabian Horse Breeding Association.

ON 02 May 1923, he was honoured with the Commander’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta.

His activity and life was described at the magazine ‘Jeździec i Hodowca’ (Rider & Breeder) No. 9 of 1929 as follows:


The late F. Jurjewicz’s activity as a Guide and a Restorer of the national horse breeding lasted almost ten years; as all his actions, it was characterized by purpose awareness, untiring persistence and profound professional knowledge connected with excellent acquaintance of economics and law.

As a director of Z. S. P. and then of the Horse Breeding Dept, he enlivened the Stud Farm and the Stallion’s Depot in Janów; he called into being: National Stallion’s Depot in Bogusławice (1921), National Stallion’s Depot in Łąck (1922), National Thoroughbred Stud in Kozienice (1924), National Stallion’s Depot in Drogomyśl, National Stud in Racot (1928) and started creating National Stallion’s Depot in Białka. Immediately after return from his historical passage from Odessa and when an appropriate organ was created at the Agriculture Ministry to manage horse breeding affairs (June – August 1919) – he organized the Stud Farm in Janów. Wygoda, dead for 5 years, came back to life and started serving the old and new purposes.


The late F. Jurjewicz addicted also boundless amount of thoughts and work to create National Thoroughbred Stud in Kozienice. While considering that breeding Thoroughbreds is completely different from breeding other horses – because already one and a half years old Thoroughbreds start hard training – the late F. Jurjewicz deemed advisable and necessary to create a special instrument for national breeding Thoroughbreds. Thanks to his iron will, he achieved this result: the stud farm was created within the period of 1922-1924 when the funds he had for disposal decreased in consequence of devaluation and he showed a great fortitude to bear all ills and obstacles resulting from this.

The late F. Jurjewicz put the following task for the stud farm of Kozienice: breeding not only brave horses but also horses of good mass and conformation. He used to say: “Englishmen can take the liberty of breeding only for the class because they have thousands of Thoroughbred mares; while having only several hundred, we must think on a good horse conformation and carefully remove faulty full-bred horses”.


When the stables in Cracow had been transferred to the military authorities, the late F. Jurjewicz had to create a new Stallion Depot for the western Little Poland. So, a new horse breeding outpost came into being in Drogomyśl: outbuildings were reworked into stables; dwelling houses for grooms were built; after one year of works – 156 stallions were brought to the stables.

The last horse breeding outpost created by the late F. Jurjewicz was National Horse Stud in Racot. Its aim and task placed by Jurjewicz were as follows: breeding the leading sires to be used for production of horses of artillery type while avoiding direct use of cold-blooded horses. The extremely important task is also the very difficult: to maintain appropriate horse size by proper breeding.


The late F. Jurjewicz’s special care was rescue of Arabian horses breeding that was threatened completely after the war. As I mentioned before, he did his best to develop this breeding department at the Stud Farm of Janów and today it counts about 30 pure-bred Arabian mares, exclusive of part-bred and high-bred horses. Also, he was an initiator and real originator of Arabian horse performance tests arranged in 1927 by Arabian Horse Breeding Association, a honorary member of which he was.

The performance tests must influence the breeding method what left much to be desired as yet and should influence the quantitative development of the Arabian horse breeding. Thereby, the late Fryderyk Jurjewicz initiated creation of a Stud Book for Arabian Horses; its volume I, edited by Dr E. Skorkowski, was released in 1926; its additions were released in the years to come.

Here, we must make mention on the dead’s work as a creator of legal bases for horse breeding and stud books that are the foundation stone of every horse breeding department.

The late F. Jurjewicz, in addition to his work for the horse breeding rebirth, thought on creation of acts, laws and regulations that could provide the best efficiency and continuance.


The dead’s great merit was creation of the “Act on horse racing” that ensures the due bases for the performance tests and breeding of noble horses in Poland.


While not rambling the National Stud Farm organization system adopted by Germany, France, Italy, Hungary, etc., the late Jurjewicz used both English “King’s Premiums” for the broadest horse breeding and German “Erhaltungs Pramie” for Huzuł horse breeding in the distant Carpathians – with the excellent result.

Thanks to his unexampled diligence, he was able to prepare a series of extremely instructive statistics concerning breeding and racing technique that was the irrefutable argument collection for his work.

The late F. Jurjewicz cooperated actively with breeders, gave them his advices and remarks as well as he was interested in any domestic breeding departments and in economic side of breeding. When working with the Army, he tried to reconcile the interest of manufacturers and the consumer (the Army) and strived for honest prices to be obtained by the breeders to make possible the horse breeding.

When anybody of us reported headways at any breeder or National Stud Farm – his eyes’ severe look became more gentle and polished. I saw him with such a radiant brightness in his eyes for the last time in December this year and I want retain this picture for ever.

Read more … (click to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Stanisław Szuch

Fryderyk Jurjewicz died on in Warsaw. He died on February 21, 1929 in Warsaw. He was buried at the Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw on February 25, 1929 (section 34, row 6, grave 24/25; Gustaw Mucharski was the author of the words of the commemorative inscription on the tombstone).

Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

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„Wielka Warszawska” (2021)

„Myśli i koncepcje hippologiczne Fryderyka Jurjewicza” (1933) – Fryderyk Jurjewicz

„Ś.p. Fryderyk Jurjewicz” (1929) – Jan Grabowski

„Działalność ś. p. Fryderyka Jurjewicza w zakresie państwowej i krajowej hodowli koni” (1929) – Stanisław Schuch

„Kilka słów o ś.p. Fr. Jurjewiczu jako działaczu w dziedzinie wyścigów i hodowli” (1929) – Ignacy Oszmanowicz

„Udział ś.p. Fr. Jurjewicza w organizacji sporu jeździeckiego” (1929) – Tadeusz Machalski

„Nagroda Wielka Warszawska im. F. Jurjewicza (Międzynarodowa)” (1926)

Jeździec i Hodowca NR – 9 – 1929


Fryderyk Jurjewicz’s funeral


Honorary Patrons: Dorota Janiszewska,
Agnieszka Rozwadowska

Sponsors: Michałów Stud, Monika Słowik

Guardians: Urszula and Jerzy Białobok

A great madcap of breeding, the breeder with a vision, a talent and an intuition of future. He was an initiator of Michałów Stud Farm’s successes.


Ignacy Jaworowski was born on January 14, 1924 in Wrońska in the Płońsk district in Mazovia.

Ignacy Jaworowski is connected permanently with the post-war history of reconstruction of the pure-bred Arabian breeding in Poland and its splendid development within the past sixty years. He dedicated almost all his life to Arabian horses. Jaworowski died on18 September 2004 aged 80, whereout 49 years worked at breeding. A half of century is the long period and withal, he lived in very hard times that often were better for horses than for the people directing their breeding.

Ignacy Jaworowski was born on 14 January 1924 in Wrońska, district Płońsk, Mazovia, in the gentry. His father, grandfather and uncle bred Anglo-Arabian horses and they taught him the breeding.

At present, the Arabian Stud Farm – Polska AKF sp. z o.o. is located at Jaworowski family property, i.e. in Wrońska. Now, Wrońska belongs to the sheik Khaled Bin of Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz from Saudi Arabia. There are 20 mares in the stable and there is a plaque on the building to inform that Ignacy Jaworowski, the creator of the stud farm of Michałów, was born in Wrońska.

Ignacy Jaworowski obtained the secondary-school certificate during occupation (it was the secret teaching) in Warsaw; then he finished the military college (it was also the secret school) and he learnt at the agricultural-horticultural school at the same time. The further education was interrupted by outbreak of Warsaw Uprising in which he took part, of course. He was the soldier of Kiliński Battalion of 1st Regiment of Mounted Riflemen, Zagrobla brigade of Home Army. He fought mainly at the Down Town; also, he took part in defence of Hala Mirowska. At the end of the Uprising, seriously ill Jaworowski got to the camp in Pruszków from where he was took out to the area near Tarnów.

For his participation in Warsaw Uprising and Home Army operations, he received Polish Cross of Valour (1989), Warsaw Uprising Cross.(1989), Polish Partisan Cross (1999), the Home Army Cross (1999). He spoke of his partisan experience very rarely. In communist times, he didn’t admitted this for understandable reasons to avoid arrest or another possible repressions; after collapse of Communism, he also didn’t boast of this as he felt that fight with enemy was each Pole’s patriotic duty.

While in the agricultural school, Jaworowski performed his first practices in Dańków, at Mr and Mrs Wolski, at Janasz’s company (dealing mainly with corn growing, established in 1880 by Aleksander Janasz at Dańków, district Grójec, acting under the name “Winter crops growing Aleksander Janasz and Sons, Dańków”; after World War II, Dańków was nationalized and within 1945-1950, it was rented by the firm “Winter crops and sugar beet growing A. Janasz” that came under state management in 1950 and was nationalized in 1958 as Dańkowska Hodowla Roślin [Plant Breeding of Dańków]) dealing with corn growing; within the last year, he perfomed a function of a plantation inspector.

After liberation, he was admitted to the Agricultural Faculty of Main School of Farming. He graduated in 1948 while obtaining the degree of MSc Eng., with the speciality of horse breeding. Else, within his studies, he performed the apprenticeship at Racot Stud Farm (Great Poland). Lang syne, it was the very well led national stud farm known of the great discipline and the “stud farm drill”. They had excellent half-bred mares. Already then, Ignacy Jaworowski was considered as the promising future breeder and after graduation, he was offered a position of an asistnt at Racot Stud Farm. He worked there for two years (1948-1950) and gained so valuable experience in breeding as well as in growing plants necessary as the fodder for the stock.

In April 1950, he was transferred to the position of a deputy manger of the stud farm of Janów; he was responsible for half-bred horses. This stud farm, after revindication from Germany, was located temporarily in Posadowo, relatively close to Racot. Over there, he met Andrzej Krzyształowicz, the manager of the stud farm of Janów, for the first time.

For veterinary reasons, mares must not be mated naturally and insemination was used. Ignacy Jaworowski delivered the fresh sperm to granges where mares were located. 30 years later, insemination were used also in Michałów in order to use the lent out stallions in the best possible way.

He didn’t stay in Posadowo for long because already in November of this year, he was transferred again, this time to the partly reconstructed Janów Podlaski to the position of a deputy manager and later a manager of the stud farm. Everything indicated that he would stay longer in Janów Podlaski where he felt fine among young colleagues. At that time, the national stud farms belonged to Central Management of Horse Breeding; this structure functioned within Ministry of Agriculture. Personal decisions were made at the central level. Horses were of priority importance due to the great demand for labour in the agriculture (there were no tractors), production of stallions and refinement of the livestock population. Jaworowski many times made mention on situation when he planned to spend Christmas with his family in Wrocław in 1951 but, due to the next official transfer, this time to Klemensów-Michałów, he had to occur at the stud farm already on 18th December to start his work with pure-bred Arabian mares located there.

After war, according to the project of the inspector of this breeding, Dr Edward Skorkowski, the pure-bred Arabians were located in the south of Poland, in three facilities: the mares of kuhailan type were placed in Albigowa and Nowy Dwór and mares of saklawi type and all chestnut mares – in Klemensów-Michałów. These three stud farms accepted mainly the mares from the stud farm of Janów, that stayed then temporarily (until 1948) in Posadowo as well as the private breeders’ mares found in the country and the mares from the stud farm Babolna (Hungary).

Klemensów-Michałów originated on the basis of the former Zamoyscy estate. In 1946, it included the granges Michałów, Góry, Bodaczów, Klemensów-Park and Deszkowice, about 800 ha in total. At first, English Thoroughbred, English part-bred and part-bred Anglo-Arabian mares were gathered herein; then, they were transferred to the stud farm Widzów and the stud farm Kozienice in 1948. In place of them, 19 Arabian mares together with youngsters and the stallions from Posadowo, Amurath Sahib and Miecznik, arrived. The stud farm managers were in turn Jan Pszczółkowski, Romuald Wincza and Józef Młodecki. Ignacy Jaworowski took over the stud farm in 1951. He devoted the first two years to selection, removal of weak material and then, including the young mares to the pack of dams that grew up to 22 heads.

In spite of selection, the pack of mares in Klemensów was differentiated very much as regards type and beauty that is spotlighted especially today. Director Jaworowski deplored in his stories the fact that the fast improvement was hindered by the idea that it is necessary to consolidate the “utilitarian Arab” that is a strong, more massive horse suitable to refinement and production of farm-horses. The following idea was forced: the “luxury horses”, i.e. the pure-bred Arabians according to communist authorities, should be transformed into utilitarian horses or this breeding should be liquidated as useless for the system of that time. Such a negative example was use of the stallions Rozmaryn and Grand that were big, coarse, bony horses without beauty and Arabian type. However, while looking at this with hindsight, maybe it was the only way to save the parent-pack of mares. Only the first exports in the sixties opened a new era in Arabian horses breeding. But before it occurred, the Arabian pack from Klemensów had to change its location.

The breeding authorities of that time found that the natural environment at the Zamość region is too rich for Arabian horses. The loesses of classes I and II with pastures in Wieprz river valley created adverse conditions for the youth health. There were fears that Arabian horses would lose their dryness and their tissue and joints would become more wet; a poorer environment is necessary for their correct form, with less amount of precipitations. Michałów near Pińczów in Świętokrzyskie voivodship was chosen where a new director, Jaworowski, appeared on 15 August 1953 and then in October – 22 mares and the stallions Doktryner and Rozmaryn. Ponidzie region had good traditions in breeding of noble horses and horses for the army in the interwar period. Michałów was the grange belonging to Góry property where the residence of its last owner, Antoni Dembiński, was located. The environment of Michałów was considered as more favourable for Arabian horse breeding. This region is characterized by the less amount of precipitations, poorer pastures, longer growing season, and high content of minerals in the limestone soil is better for the issue dryness and wholesomeness of Arabians; thus, the local conditions are more favourable than in the previous Klemesów.

Jaworowski left Klemensów regretfully due to the developed stables. The breeding of English Thoroughbreds.and half-bred horses was at that place before the war, as well as the stockyards. This was the place with horse breeding tradition, the great park of 100 ha, the palace and the staff prepared to work with horses. As he himself wrote in his memories: “transfer of the stud farm from the already developed facility with the breeding traditions to a completely rough place without tradition, without rooms, stables, a suitable hinterland, pastures and especially without people created huge obstruction in the stud farm organization. The human relations caused the most concerns and troubles. The locals, often chance employees at Michałów, sometimes completely rough people as regards horse care and grooming, required to be taught the sense of duty and, first of all, discipline. The elements dissatisfied with introduction of order and discipline gained the ear of committees of Polish United Workers’ Party and related institutions that caused unfavourable atmosphere towards the non-party manager of the stud farm. Among others, I was imprisoned (fortunately, for not so long period) due to the resolution of the executive of Polish United Workers’ Party to remove me from this area, and there were various persecutions. While looking at this with hindsight after many years of work, I see how many difficulties and obstacles I had to overcome for the sake of welfare and development of the pure-bred Arabian breeding. My wife Maria always supported me bravely in these hard times and I could count on kindness and help of my superiors at the Horse Breeding Department and in particular of the chiefs: Stanisław Szuch, Bolesław Orłoś and Marek Piotrowski and the directors: Stanisław Staniszewski and Paweł Warchoł” (I. Jaworowski’s notes on the history of the Stud Farm Michałów; the Stud Farm Archive).

How you can see from Ignacy Jaworowski’s memories, it was not so easy at the beginning in Michałów. Jaworowski, born as a landed proprietor, non-party, going to church, trying to maintain discipline and persecuting thefts was an “enemy of the commons” dreamt-of by the post-war communist authorities, so they tried to ruin him. Only the steadfast character hard-bitten by Warsaw Uprising, with thorough knowledge and practice, could defend himself and this succeeded for good luck and glory of Michałów.

Once the pack of mares arrived, the young manager had to perform the difficult tasks: preparation of pastures for horses, erection of new stables and repair of old buildings but he had already some practice as he started similarly at the stud farms in Janów and Klemensów. There was only the old stable for farmhorses where dams and stallions were located. The new stable nr 1-2 was under construction. Fillies were located at the grange Nieprowice where very good natural pastures were on the Nida river and the cowshed was adapted as the stable. Colts were located at the grange Podlesie near Michałów where they stay to this day.

Unfortunately, the original location failed since after two years, in 1955, the grange Nieprowice was transferred to a collective farm. This was the decision made by agriculture minister Stanisław Radkiewicz, the former minister of public security, on application of the provincial and the district committees of Polish United Workers’ Party. The stud farm management defended the stud farm bravely and this, unfortunately, resulted in loss of office by Franciszek Mieszkowski, the director of Michałów of that time. Thus, the young manager had to locate the all livestock population at one place. He managed to take over a farm in Lubcza and lease meadows at Pińczów on Nida river. The period 1955-1959, after director Mieszkowski’s leaving, was characterized by the organizational flux and changes of directors; in turn, there were four directors, starting from a taxi-driver by profession and ending on a joiner. Stabilization occurred from 15 August 1959 when Ignacy Jaworowski was appointed as a director and performed this function for 44 years.

Today’s Michałów having 670 hectares of land is the very well developed place for horses and a herd of cows. And though at the beginning there was only one tumbledown farmhorse stable, then six stables were build of Pińczów stone in the very nice architectural style, with comfortable loose-boxes and run-stables for 120 mares with foals, yearlings and two-year-olds. The following facilities arose: paddocks in front of stables, with running tracks, permanent metal fences around pastures of 100 hectares with 23 pasture-beds, a separate rearing area for colts at Podlesie, with a stable and special facilities. In the later years, a training hall was built with 60 loose-boxes and the stallion sperm freezing centre as well as a new cowshed at Lubcza farm.

In 1985, Jersey cows were brought to Michałów. Then, in-calf heifers of this breed were imported from Denmark twice more; they were chosen by Jaworowski himself. Now, they have a herd of 130 cows that used to win the Championship of Poland every year within the last 10 years. The average performance is very high, i.e. 7 thousand litres from a cow.

From among 22 mares that arrived at the beginning, the pack of Michałów developed up to 120, i.e. it increased six times. The pack reached the highest worldwide level of pure-bred Arabian breeding. The mares belong to 11 female families.

The family of the mare Milordka (born about 1810 in Sławuta) is the most deserved.

The second monumental mare is Estebna by Nabór, the model Arabian mare, the first Europe champion from Verden in 1973. This was the first trip of Arabian horses from Poland after World War II and then the horses of Michałów knocked the competition from Europe; as it turned out later, the horses From Michałów many times won with these from Europe and Janów Podlaski, too. It was a great experience for Ignacy Jaworowski and confirmation of rightness of his breeding method.

The Arabian horses, besides courage and correct exterior, must be good-looking, charismatic, eye-catching and moving excellently. The beauty and bouquet are marked in the strongest way in the trot. Ignacy Jaworowski stuck this motto until the end of his professional work and tried to transfer the breeding rules used by him to all of us. Estebna appeared also a brave dam; her daughter Elkana won a title of Champion of USA next year.

Many Champions of Europe descend from this family, namely the mares: Emigrantka by Eukaliptus, Esklawa by Celebes, Emilda by Pamir, as well as Champions of Poland, i.e. the mares: Elewka, Elgina, Emanacja, Estarda, Ekstaza, Emisja and Egzotyka. This family delivered also superb stallions, i.e.: Eufrat, Ekstern – multi- champion in Europe, Aramis, Eldon and Emanor.

Family of Szwejkowska from Sławuta (1800) is one of the oldest in Poland. Here, the most outstanding is Warmia by Comet, with a group of splendid daughters, i.e. Wizja – Champion of USA, Wilejka – the dam of the frontal stallion Wojsław and two other sons, Woroblin and Wermut.

The family of Ukrainka (born 1815, in Sławuta) is the female line well-known of their racing abilities. The mare Forta comes from this line (together with her youngsters) and her grandson Fawor, the excellent leading sire, Champion of Poland and World Champion from Paris, leased to USA for 1 million dollars.

The family of Gazella or. ar., imported to Jarczowce in 1845; its representatives are splendid mares Gizela, Gaskonia, Premia, Premiera, Kabała, Mitra – the champions or vice-champions of Poland, Kawalkada – the Champion of USA and the most deserved Kwestura – the multi-champion of Europe, the World Champion and the Champion of USA, sold for the highest price in the post-war history, i.e. for 1 million 125 thousand € in 2008.

The remaining families are fewer but with the outstanding representatives as Zazula – the Champion of Europe, Zagrobla – the Champion of USA and the World Champion, Planeta, the dam of Pohaniec sold to Sweden; he was the sire of Probat, leased to Michałów where he gave the splendid batch of mares and stallions. From among the lines of Babolna, the following mares are red-lettered: Darda – dam of Dardir sold to Sweden, the later World Champion and the very much deserved for Scandinavia and Domaba – the Champion of USA; and Dewiza, the granddaughter of Darda and the dam of Diana sold at the auction Polish Ovation for 1,200 thousand dollars. We could still mention to infinity but numbers speak at the very most. When Ignacy Jaworowski was a director, the Arabians of Michłów won as follows: 53 titles of the national champion; 9 titles of Nations’ Cup Champion in Aix-la-Chapelle; 13 titles of the Champion of Europe; 6 titles of the World Champion; 8 titles of the Champion of USA and 90 titles of the runner-up.

His achievements are very numerous and there was no other breeder in Poland nor in the world who reached so many.

Ignacy Jaworowski’s firm conviction that in breeding it is necessary to use the stallions transferring their beauty to their lineage was a base of our horses breeding successes. Such stallions were as follows: Negatiw and his son Nabór that created the first grey-silver pack of dams of Michałów on the good basis of daughters of Amurath Sahib and Gwarny.

The stallions Eukaliptus belonging to the same foundation stock and Gadir leased from Germany proved correct very well at Michałów. Eukaliptus (bred in Janów) was discovered for breeding by Ignacy Jaworowski; he opposed the sale of the stallion and agreed only for his lease to USA whereby he came back to Michałów.

Imported stallions were used for admixture of new blood, among others Palas with Egyptian pedigree and also the above-mentioned Probat, the continuator of Comet’s line. Both of them gave very pretty daughters and quite good sons. However, the epochal stallion for Michałów was Monogramm (Negatraz – Monogramma) born in USA at the stud farm Patterson Arabians, Bask’s grandson that gave excellent daughters that won Young Stock Shows placed between 1 and 5 and two perfect sons: Ganges – the Champion of Poland and the vice-champion of USA and the above-quoted Ekstern..

I think that discovery of Monogramm was Ignacy Jaworowski’s greatest success in his search of the dreamt-of stallion.

Besides the Arabians breeding, the preservation breeding of leopard colour horses was led in Michałów; they were saved by Jaworowski to avoid their disappearance and oblivion in Poland. He bought the last two stallions from a circus and PSO Bogusławice and reconstructed this colour based on a Little-Poland horse, in co-operation with local farmers. Today, we have a couple of mares and multi-horse teams performing at various times and in costume films. The similar situation was with breeding of ponies of Shetland type, with preference of undersize. Jaworowski liked little ponies very much and he was the first who bred them in post-war Poland on a larger scale. He kept also pigeons and poultry. They were the colourful touch around the house where he lived.

For his merits, the director received many decorations and distinctions, namely, the American breeders awarded him a title of the best foreign breeder of pure-bred Arabians, so called Breeding Oscar in 1991. He received also the Silver Cross of Merit in 1964, the Gold Cross of Merit in 1974, the decoration Deserved Agriculture Employee in 1982, the Order of Polonia Restituta Fifth Class, the Knight’s Cross in 1984, the Order of Polonia Restituta Fourth Class, the Officer’s Cross in 1997 and the Order of Polonia Restituta Second Class, the Commander’s Cross with Star in 2000.

At the end of his life, Ignacy Jaworowski received one more, very important distinction for the breeder practitioner, namely he was graduated as a doctor honoris causa of Hugon Kołłątaj Agriculture Academy in Cracow. The ceremony was celebrated on 14 May 2004 at the Stud Farm Michałów. The participants were as follows: the representatives of the Senate and the Council of Animal Breeding and Biology Faculty of Agriculture Academy in Cracow, the representatives of other Agriculture Academies in Poland, the regional authorities as well as the guests and the friends from national and private stud farms, in great number. In conclusion, I will quote a fragment of the laudation delivered by prof. dr. Marian Tischner: “The results reached by the horses bear testimony on the proper breeding way traced by director Ignacy Jaworowski for the Stud Farm Michałów. Such a great success was not reached yet by any breeding worldwide. Conferment of the highest academic distinction, i.e. the honorary doctorate to Ignacy Jaworowski M. Sc. Eng., the many years’ director, is the great superlative for his outstanding achievements in animal breeding and also the acknowledgement for his many years’ co-operation and help in education of students and young scientific workers of our Academy. This is also the superlative to Polish breeders that saved the Polish breeding of pure-bred Arabian horses in the post-war reality and despite the losses sustained, and the superlative to the whole team that worked and still works at the Stud Farm Michałów”.

Ignacy Jaworowski received the very high state and scientific decorations for his outstanding achievements. He worked hard all his life, stood for the motherland, started his professional career several times, did not belong to any party ever, was honest and fair. He was a great madcap of breeding, the breeder with a vision, a talent and an intuition of future; sometimes, he was hard in the daily life but the people forgive this in case of the outstanding person.

He always impressed me because he acknowledged his breeding faults and corrected them quickly, since the breeding teaches humility and I think that these features helped to build such a great stud farm within such a short time.

Read more … (click to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Jerzy Białobok

You can find links below to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library.

Ignacy Jaworowski died in Michałów on September 18, 2004, at the age of 80.

He was buried in the parish cemetery in Michałów (a characteristic grave at the end of the cemetery, made of the same stone as the Michałów stables).

Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

„Fotograficzny esej na nadchodzące 70-lecie Stadniny Koni Michałów” (2022) – Mariusz Wideryński

„Wspomnienie z Michałowa” [link](2020) – Marek Grzybowski

„Pan Jaworowski” [link](2016) – Marek Grzybowski

„Ignacy Jaworowski” (2014) – Jerzy Białobok

„Odszedł wielki hodowca” (2004) – Urszula Białobok, Jerzy Białobok

„Stadnina Koni Michałów” [EN]

„Stadnina Koni Michałów” – zespół redakcyjny