Legendy Polskiego Jeździectwa – Konie

PL/EN

Breeder: Kozienice Stud Farm

Sponsor:

Gelding BRONZ, chestnut, born in 1961 (Merry Minstrel – Branża by Skarb).

______________________________________________________________

One of the best Marian Kozicki’s horses bred at Kozienice Stud Farm. Bronze (1970), silver (1971) and gold (1972) medallist in Championship of Poland in show jumping.

Horses purchased by sports clubs from Kozienice Stud Farm have achieved a series of triumphs at international equestrian competitions.

Bronz and Brzeszczot was included in Polish team that won Nations Cup in 1969 during CHIO in Olsztyn whereat Bronz had the faultless course

Bronz (Merry Minstrel) won the competition of CC class during CHIO in Aachen wherein the best horses participated.

In 1968, this horse, under M. Kozicki, won the award of Secretary of Foreign Commerce during CHIO in Olsztyn in 1969, Bronz, under Kozicki, won the great award of German Democratic Republic in Leipsic.

The Champion of Poland in show jumping in 1972 (Marian Kozicki), silver medallist in 1971 and bronze in 1970.

An Olympian twice – in Mexico (1968) where he was the best of Polish team (placed 35th), and in Munich (1972).

Author of the entry: Paweł Gocłowski

Below you will find links to related materials in the Polish Digital Equestrian Library.


Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

„Marian Kozicki” (2012) – Witold Duński

„Najciekawsze starty w międzynarodowych konkursach skoków przez przeszkody 1956-1979” (1981) – J. Chachuła, W. Bucholc-Ferenstein

„Polskie konie wierzchowe wyd.2” (1981) – Jerzy Chachuła i Wanda Bucholc-Ferenstein


Gallery:

PL/EN

Breeder: Widzów Stud Farm

Sponsor:

A pearl of Widzów Stud Farm Dżamajka is the first mare in the post-war history of Polish racing that won the Triple Crown (Ruler’s – Derby – St. Leger).

______________________________________________________________

Mare DŻAMAJKA, chestnut, born in 1997 (Juror – Dżamira by Rutilio Rufo) bred at Widzów Stud Farm

The only triple-crowned mare in Polish history

The winner of as many as 4 from among 5 classic races of the racing season 2000 – Ruler’s, Derby (with a record number of horses – 20!), Oaks and St. Leger as well as the most important of comparative distance tests – Wielka Warszawska, and also Iwno Award; all of them gave her a title “Horse of the Year”

As four years old, she won Golejewko Award and Kozienice Award (an injury after this race finished her course career) and in Bratislava, she has beaten GALILEO during Velka Cena Slovenska. Her son – DŻERALD (by Roulette) won Próbna Award and Skarb Award as two years old. Dżamajka – a winner of 11 races (in 13 starts!) – was trained by Bogdan Strójwąs; excepting her victorious debut, she started always under jockey Tomasz Dul.

Author of the entry: Paweł Gocłowski

Below you will find links to related materials in the Polish Digital Equestrian Library.


Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

„Dżamajka – perła z Widzowa” (2005) – Paweł Gocłowski

Wyścig I grupy – 16.09.1999 – Dżamajka (1999) | FILM

„Stadnina Koni Widzów-Skrzydłów” (1978) – Stanisław Schuch



Gallery:

Photos: Włodzimierz Sierakowski / Edyta Twaróg

PL/EN

Breeder: Golejewko Stud Farm

Sponsor:

An English Thoroughbred. Silver medal in the team competition and placed sixth individually at Olympic Games in Moscow in 1980. He was placed sixth at the Great Award of Aachen 1981.

______________________________________________________________

Gelding NORTON, dark bay, born in 1969 (Effort / Nekanda / Good Bye), bred at Golejewko Stud Farm

He was trained by Andrzej Walicki and had been running for three seasons (as 2-4 years old), and won three times. Moreover, he was placed second three times, third seven times and fourth twice. Silver medal in the team competition and sixth place individually at Olympic Games in Moscow in 1980 as well as sixth place at the Great Award of Aachen in 1981 are the greatest Norton’s successes under Wiesław Hartman.

This pair started at European Championships twice (1979 and 1983) and 16 times at CSIO, and 11 times at CSI. At Show Jumping Championship of Poland, they competed 6 times and were placed as follows: 3xII (1976, 1978, 1980), 1xIII (1983), 1xIV (1979), 1xV (1977).

Norton was always a team member at Nations Cups – he started 16 times, exclusive of European Championships and Olumpic Games.

Norton’s dam is also a mother of NIEWIAŻA and both his sire and his dam’s sire had given a brave offspring sportingly.

Author of the entry: Paweł Gocłowski


Polish Digital Equestrian Library:

Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

„Norton” (2021) – tylkoskoki.pl

„Norton” (1985) – Helena i Józef Zagor


Gallery:

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Widzów
Sponsor:

______________________________________________________________

Stallion MASINI, bay, born in 1999 (Dixieland – Mansarda by Miami Prince), bred at Widzów Stud Farm

A superb steeplechaser (trained by a Czech trainer Čestmir Olehla) that made his greatest successes in Italy wherein he won Grande Steeple Chase di Milano Group 1 twice and won also Gran Premio Merano Group 1.

In May 2005, he was placed seventh (a payable place) in Grand Steeple-chase de Paris Group 1 at the central Parisian course Auteuil.

He knocked his rivals also at courses in Czech Republic and Slovakia and the sum of his wins (five times in hurdle races and nine times in steeple-chases) exceeded CZK 13.600.000!

After his career in Poland (trained by Anna Nieora) wherein he ran seven times: 1xIII, 1xIV, 3xV, he was sold at the Autumn Auction of Horses in Training (Polturf) for PLN 4,000.

After he was inbred 2×3 on stallion CONOR PASS and 3×5 on stallion DORPAT, Masini came back home as a leading sire but he has no successes at a stallions’ depot.

Author of the entry: Paweł Gocłowski

You can find other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)


Click the following links to go to related materials in Polish Digital Equestrian Library (they will open in a new page):

„Masini – rodowód i wygrane”

„Masini powraca do domu” (2016) – Miloslav Vlček

„Stadnina Koni Widzów-Skrzydłów” (1978) – Stanisław Schuch


Gallery:

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Moszna
Sponsor:

______________________________________________________________

Tiumen, under Josef Vana (the icon of Czech turf), won the Great Pardubice Steeple-Chase (one of the most difficult steeple-chases worldwide) three times (within the period 2009-2011).

He is the only horse of Polish breeding that won this famous race (played since 1874!) and one of eight that won three times. The mare ORPHEE DES BLINS trained by Polish trainer Grzegorz Wróblewski belongs to these 8 horses (she won in the period 2012-14).

After the hat trick, Tiumen started in the Great Pardubice Steeple-Chase three times more and was placed third, sixteenth and he did not end one race.

In his all career, he moved up in the world in hurdle races (2xI) and steeplechases of cross-country type (5xI), and the sum of his wins exceeded CZK7,300,000!

The inconspicuous gelding comes from the family of the mare TIRANA from Jan Bronikowski’s breeding that is famous of talented horses, both in racing (TOSKAŃCZYK, TITANIC, TOSKANELLA, TOSKANO, TOTUS, TURNUS, TREBIA, TORYT, TIJA) and sport (TIMUR, TYRAS, TENOR, TIKSI, TORREADOR), as well as stallions used in national breeding of half-bred horses (TOLEDO, TEXAS).

Author: Paweł Gocłowski

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Antoniny, hr. Józef Potocki
Sponsor:

______________________________________________________________

Antoniny, the legendary Volhynian goods owned by Count Józef Potocki (1862-1922), were famous for their wealth, modern agrarian and industrial economy, hunting organized with a huge flourish and pure-bred Arabian breeding, whereof tradition went back as far as the end of eighteenth century.

The greatest pride of Józef Potocki’s Antoniny breeding and at the same time the most famous Arabian stallion bred at Polish stud farm was and still is Skowronek.

(…)


Read more… (click to go to Polish Digital Equestrian Library)

Author: Aldona Cholewianka-Kruszyńska

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Skowronek” (2004) – Aldona Cholewianka-Kruszyńska

„O Ibrahimie, ojcu Skowronka” (1971) – Roman Potocki

„O książce Lady Wentworth” (1938) – Roman Potocki

„Hodowla Arabów w Wielkiej Brytanji” (1929) – Józef Potocki

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Janów Podlaski
Sponsor:

______________________________________________________________

Nobody expected the 46th Pride of Poland auction in 2015 to be historical due to €4,500,000 obtained for the sold horses and, first of all, due to the price obtained by grey Pepita from Janów – €1,400,000.

(…)

Pepita was born on 29 January 2005. In 2008, she ran on Partynice racecourse in Wrocław on ranges 2000 metres (5 times), 1800 m (once) and 1600 m (once), and her scores in these 7 starts were as follows: she won once, was placed the second once, the third – once, and the fourth – three times. As you see, the racing did not impair her beauty and confirmed the philosophy that Polish Arabian horse must be beautiful and brave Her dimensions are 150 – 176 – 18.75. In 2010, she was placed the fourth at National Show in Janów but in 2014, she won the mare class and became the Older Mares Champion and the best horse of the show – Best in Show.

(…)

Pepita is a daughter of grey Ekstern, the multichampion from Michałów, that won all shows participated. In 2000, he became the Older Stallions National Champion of Poland, the Champion of Nations Cup in Aachen, the European Champion and the World Champion. He has also a WAHO trophy granted in 2008 to him as an outstanding representative of pure bred Arab of Polish breeding.

Pepita’s dam – the beautiful fleabitten grey Pepesza – is a daughter of the legendary Eukaliptus. She was born on 4th February 1993 and died on 6th January 2018. She was sold at the auction in Janów in 2006 for €135,000. Her photo with the stable cat was on the cover of the auction catalogue. After sale, the auctioneer said the price included also this cat. Nobody knows if he went with Pepesza to Hennessy Arabians in Florida. Pepesza bewitched with her type, swan’s neck, beautiful head and movement. She left the following offspring in Janów: daughters Polifonia, Pernilla, Pensacola and Pepita; sons Perseusz and Pegasus.
(…)

Pepita, the legendary mare from Janów Stud Farm, still provides reasons for pride and satisfaction to her breeders. We hope that both she and her offspring will add many positive experiences and joy.

Read more…

Author: Jerzy Dudała

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„PEPITA” (2020) – Jerzy Dudała

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Michałów
Sponsors:

______________________________________________________________

Kwestura (Monogramm – Kwesta/Pesennik) was born on10 February 1995 and she stole the show already as a foal. She was very nice, extremely pleasing and trustful; she felt attracted by people. At the stable, she greeted us with whinny while expecting a dainty, a sugar lump or a piece of apple.

(…)

The fame attained by Kwestura in Paris induced us to put the mare on auction Pride of Poland in 2008.

Mariusz Liśkiewicz showed out Kwestura to the ring – the mare tooked magnificently while being at her peak of physical shape. Her show was splendid, she danced soaringly and delighted everybody.

The auction was exciting and a happy purchaser was Ajman Stud from United Arab Emirates while paying a record amount – €1,125,000.

Only in 2015, Pepita, Extern’s daughter from Janów, broke this record. Kwestura founded an excellent training centre to her host stud farm – a large hall and two stables for 60 loose-boxes in total. We call it the ‘Kwestura Centre’.

Author: Urszula & Jerzy Białobok (read more – click)

photo: Stuart Vesty; from Urszula & Jerzy Białobok’s collection

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Kwestura – 'The Best'” (2020) – Urszula i Jerzy Białobokowie

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Białka
Sponsor: Małopolska Hodowla Roślin

______________________________________________________________
oo (Esparto – Perfirka / Gazal Al Shaqab), ur. 2011

Perfinka is the third Polish horse that won the American gold triple crown. Perfinka from Białka is the third after Pogrom from Janów Podlaski and Wieża Mocy from Michałów.

Her mother, Perfirka (by Gazal Al Shaqab, out of Perforacja), born in 2003, is also beautiful flea bitten grey. In 2014, she was sold to U.S.A. where she still advertises Polish breeding. In 2016, she won the Older Mares Championship, Scottsdale Classic, American show, the second for prestige after the National Championship of U.S.A. Three Perfirka’s daughters stayed in Białka: Parilla (bay) 2009 (by Enzo), Perforia (bay) 2013 (by Vitorio TO) and the best – Perfinka (grey) 2011 (by Esparto).

Perfinka has features that can be specified as a “girlish charm”. It is constituted of “inquisitive” look of her big black eyes in her small head, her long, slender and high set on neck, and her top line as an “ironing board” ended with the high-set and flickering merrily tail; but above all, of her motion!

As you can see, her all family group is characterised by spectacular and effective show motion transferred for generations but Perfinka’s motion is unique and incomparable. Because she doesn’t move, she dances! She runs into show ring with a dance step, while fine the ground with her legs. So, no wonder that she charms almost all judges. She started as a yearling from a win in her class at the Spring Youth Show Białka 2012.

In the same year, she won the Year-Old Mares Top Ten of the World Championship in Paris. And then: 2013 – Vice-Championship in the Younger Mares World Championships and Championships of Europe and of Poland, Championship of the Younger mares Cup of Nations in Aachen; 2014 – Championship of PSAIAHF in Saudi Arabia; April 2019 – Championship of Las Vegas Breeders Cup; and at last – the National Championship of U.S.A. on 25th November 2019! Fortunately, she is only under lease there. She started in Scottsdale (13-23.02.2020) where her mother triumphed. Predictably, she won her age class (eight-year-old and older mares) unanimously and on the last show day, she won the Older Mares Championship. The whole lot gives the American “Triple Crown”!

The intensive training affected her shape a bit but models and finalists of “Miss” competitions usually look similarly; after her return to the mother-stud, her carers will feed her up surely! The breeder should not sell her, at least so long until she leaves behind much the same successor by a stallion from Polish breeding program!

Author: Prof. Krystyna Chmiel
Fragment of the article –
Pride of Białka or from where Pesal and Perfinka came (click to go to the article at pcbj.pl)

photo: Ewa Imielska Hebda

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

Duma Białki, czyli skąd się wzięły Pesal i Perfinka (2020) – Krystyna Chmiel

PL/EN

Breeder: Stadnina Koni Wojcieszków, Maria, hr. Plater-Zyberk
Sponsor:

______________________________________________________________
xo grey (Rittersporn – Jordi / Shagya X-3) born on 02/03/1937,
bred at Wojcieszków Stud Farm

You can also read about Ramses on the Wojcieszków website.

Dr. Stanisław Deskur writes on Polish stallion of century, the initiator of the most outstanding breeding line of sports horses in Germany, as follows:

Ramzes was bred in Wojcieszków Stud Farm and purchased by the Stallion’s Depot in Janów Podlaski in early 1940. At that time, nothing indicated that this entire would prove a stallion of century in future and his progeniture would move up in the world at the most considerable equestrian competitions. Thanks to records of the director of the depot in Janów Podlaski, Tadeusz Marchowiecki Eng., (Wojcieszków Stud Farm was in his action area), we know Ramzes’s history beginning from a foal.

Ramzes’s sire was Rittersporn, English Thoroughbred born in Belgium, that was successful steeple-chase racehorse in Germany. Within the war reparations, Rittersporn came to Poland, to the Stallion’s Depot in Janów Podlaski. He was descended from the well-known stallion Le Sancy that transferred jumping accomplishments.

Rittersporn, while being at copulatory point in Łabunie near Zamość, gave 8 very good competition horses in 1926 and 1927 and attain excellent renown, so many cavalry officers wished to have a saddle-horse by this stallion. Thereby, young horses by Rittersporn sold like hot cakes to army. However, the lists of horses registered by Polish Equestrian Association, published in the interwar period, do not indicate any other horses by Rittersporn with more considerable sports successes – except for the mentioned eight. Also, in breeding, this stallion’s offspring was not conspicuous. His 3 sons were purchased by Stallion’s Depots; one of them was culled after two copulatory seasons. Rittersporn, since 1930s and probably for the rest of his life, stood at Wojcieszków Stud Farm (district Łuków). This stud farm included about 30 dams and belonged to Maria Zyberk-Plater that – according to director Marchowiecki – “had no knowledge of horses but she liked them very much and fed them well”. As example of Ramzes shows, in some cases these attributes of the owner-breeder could ensure success.

During auction at the Stud Farm in Janów Podlaski in 1929, Maria Plater bought a one year’s filly, Jordi, culled by the stud farm, so, according to local specialists’ opinion, she did not promise that would be a good dam in future.

Jordi had the very good origin. Her grandmother, Astarte, was born at well-known Austrian Radowce Stud Farm (at present in Romania) and according to nomenclature in force at that place, her original name was 264 Amurath-8. Jordi’s pedigree (see: the enclosed Ramzes’s pedigree) was saturated with oriental blood. She came from the family designated in Radowce with Roman numeral III, going back as far as to beginning of nineteenth century. Three-year-old Jordi was included to dams in Wojcieszków. However unhappily, Jordi broke her front leg. Due to state of the art of that time, the mare was threatened to be put to death but her owner forbade this.

The mare was hanged on belts and a vet set her leg with wooden splints. Its leg healed up but it was crooked. The mare was lame and could not be used anywhere else beyond breeding. Then a small wooden stable was built in Wojcieszków, with a grassy paddock, where Jordi lived with her following foals from spring to late autumn. Her third foal was Ramzes. Director Marchowiecki often visited Wojcieszków on business and observed little Ramzes that seemed to be a stallion for breeding in future. Unfortunately, little Ramzes was persecuted by the familial bad luck. In early spring 1938, well-developed, grown and always defiant Ramzes fell over backward while playing with his age-mates and he couldn’t get up for several days. Also, in this case, Maria Plater rejected a suggestion to put Ramzes to death. Thanks to massages and warm compresses applied on loins for several days, Ramzes started getting up and standing shakily. Then as if he learnt to go for a long time. Nevertheless, his condition rallied and in summer 1939, uninitiated people didn’t notice any post-accident problems in Ramzes. Also, no complaints occurred later in Ramzes. As I mentioned before, Ramzes was bought for the Stallion’s Depot in Janów Podlaski in 1940. According to director Marchowiecki’s opinion, he presented a type of a good-looking Polish Anglo-Arab of height about 160 cm, grey with dark mane and tail, of clean head with expressive eyes, long neck, prominent withers, correct loins and long, well-muscled back. He had normal legs with a bit round front cannons. Ramzes’s movement was beyond reproach as he had the long and ambling walk, the energetic trot and the long canter covering a large area.

During all war period, Ramzes was sent to procreation points in neighbourhood of Kałuszyn in copulatory seasons. Every year after return from these points – as all young stallions in the Stallion’s Depot in Janów Podlaski – as a rule, he had to take part in hard hunting runs behind dogs in the field with many difficult obstacles. Ramzes was distinguished by good and precise jumps but he did not like water obstacles and this defect was transferred to some of his offspring. He had to be a good saddle horse, since he was constantly mounted during quadrilles by the head groom of that time and the director of stud farm in Janów Podlaski in future, Andrzej Krzyształowicz, Eng. Independently from this, Ramzes was trained in carriage driving and he was a part of Four-in-Hand team.

In July 1944, Ramzes with the whole Stallion’s Depot from Janów Podlaski was evacuated and reached Cleverhof L. Lubeck as his final stand. Upon termination of the war, the most of Polish breeding horses located in Germany were returned to Poland; several horses, especially talented in sport, were left in the area of West Germany to represent our breeding. Ramzes was among them. He was mounted then by lieutenant Bielecki.

When lieutenant Bielecki emigrated to Canada, Ramzes was bought by baron Clemens von Nagel-Doornick, the owner of the stud farm Vornholz (Westphalia) with about 30 dams. Baron von Nagel – as I mentioned in the previous “Zootechnic News” – was a commander of the stud farm in Racot during the war and, because he kept a civil tongue in his hand according to opinion of his Polish workers, he was allowed to deal with horse breeding after the war. His idea was to breed good horses, first of all for dressage and show jumping events, to ensure continuation of achievements of the interwar period to German horsemanship. As a son of the director of the stud farm in Beberbeck, he had opportunity to come to know these horses and decided to realize his plans based on them. He found few horses of Beberbeck blood that were left in Germany. He used the stallion Oxyd (Irrlehrer-Oxalis) and Hanoverian mares by Beberbeck stallions. He also used Polish stallion Zew bred by Jezierski from Worotniów, Łuck district). Zew was by English Thoroughbred stallion and the original Beberbeck mare.

In Vornholz, the first German after-war Olympic team was prepared to start in the dressage event in Helsinki in 1952; their horses were bred in this very stud farm according to the above-mentioned breeding concept. This team won the bronze medal. There were odds to send the same horses for Olympic Games in Stockholm in 1956 but one of horses became lame and was replaced with another one. This team also returned with the bronze medal and one of horses from Vornholz breeding won the bronze medal individually, too. The further Olympic successes of horses bred by baron von Nagel were impressive. In Tokyo in 1964, the FRG team was first in dressage. A member of this team was Remus that won the silver medal individually. In Mexico in 1968, the FRG team repeated the success from Tokyo and its member Mariano won the silver medal individually. In Munich in 1972, the gelding Robin was a member of FRG team that won the gold medal in show jumping. These three horses – Remus, Mariano and Robin are already the sons of Ramzes. During the first years of his stay in Vornholz, Ramzes started in show-jumping events under Brinckmann, the perfect German rider, and got quite good results on a national scale. Probably, baron von Nagel wanted to check his value in use. Ramzes ended his sports career in 1948 while breaking his leg during training. Surely, this was a bad omen because, as you can remember, his dam broke her leg, too and his sire Rittersporn broke his legs twice. In this case, baron von Nagel could be afraid of hereditary predispositions; fortunately, such cases didn’t occur in Ramzes’s offspring.

Breeding failures in Racot in the interwar period – trials to combine Hanoverian mares and Holstein stallions from Racot – could estrange for use of Ramzes in breeding; certainly, baron von Nagel knew these failures. Moreover, no cases are known in horse breeding history that a stallion having such a great infusion of Oriental blood in his pedigree like Ramzes could give a prominent in show jumping offspring. Therefore, baron von Nagel showed his great breeding intuition while appointing Ramzes as a leading sire in Vornholz. Ramzes stayed at his loose-box of the head stallion until his death in 1966. In opinion of German breeding circles, no other stallion, whether of local or foreign origin, achieved equally positive results with local mares like this Polish Anglo-Arab. Ramzes gave a numerous group of sports horses well-deserved in breeding, too. There was a period when each of well-known riders in FRG mounted a horse by this stallion. Radetzki and Raimond were these sons of Ramzes that were distinguished in breeding. Rembrandt, the great grandson’s son of the former, was described as an unequalled horse anent the movement dynamics. Under his young equestrienne Nicole Uphoff, he won individually and in a team the gold medals at two successive Olympic Games – in Seoul 1988 and in Barcelona 1992. This was a performance unrecorded in history of Olympic Games hitherto.

Whereas, Raimond’s son, Ramiro, is the sire of superb horses – jumpers. His daughter, Ratina-Z won the silver medal individually and the gold medal in the Dutch team at Olympic Games in Barcelona, 1992. Moreover, under the leading German rider, L. Beerbaum, she was placed first at the World Cup in Gothenburg, 1993. At the latest Olympic Games in Athens, Ramiro’s son, the perfect jumper stallion Royal Kaliber won the silver medal in the team and the bronze medal individually for U.S.A.


Author: Dr Stanisław Deskur
source: Horse breeding in Poland (VII) – Ramzes
“Zootechnic News” (no. 4/2004)


The licence granted by Dr Stanisław Deskur and Zootechnics Institute in Balice – Horse Breeding Department – for BoberTeam for the needs of the project Polish Equestrian Legends. Copyright reserved.

Click the links below to go to the Polish Digital Equestrian Library (will open in a new tab):

„Hodowla koni w Polsce (VI)” (2004) – Stanisław Deskur

Rodowód Ogiera Ramzes

Legend:
red: English Thoroughbred horses
blue: Arabian horses and purebred horses
black: Arabian and Anglo-Arabian horses