Legendy Polskiego Jeździectwa – Wydarzenia

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Entry in the process of translation


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Polish-Lithuanian-Cossack forces crossed Ottoman Army’s path near the town Chocim. The siege ended with a tactical victory of the army of Republic of Poland.
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The Chocim war was the greatest defensive operation in the history of Republic of Poland; it was the greatest position warfare (…).

Chodkiewicz and his staff used natural obstacles in their defence system skilfully. They coupled forces of infantry and artillery fire with field fortifications and surprised the enemy repeatedly.

Chodkiewicz, the creator of the victorious strategy and Commander-in Chief, did not live to see the end of the siege. On 23rd September, while moribund, he handed the mace to the regimentarz (commander-General) Stanisław Lubomirski and folded his hands in prayer. He could whisper only: In manus tuas Domine.

He died on the next day.

His subordinates fought off two onslaughts more; then Ottomans decided to talk and the talks ended with a peace accord on 9th October. The defeated sultan moved on south and his conqueror – in a coffin – was taken to Kamieniec Podolski.

You can find the whole article and other sources at Polish Digital Equestrian Library (click)

Author: Michael Morys Twarowski

sources:
– „Polscy Bogowie Wojny” (Polish Gods of War) (2019) [fragments] – Editorial staff, ZNAK Publishing House (Honorary Patron PLPJ).
– „Chocim 1621” (1988) – Leszek Podhorodecki, Ministry of Defence’s Publishing House (at present, the rights belong to the Honorary Patron PCBJ), Bellona Publishing House).

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Chocim 1621 | FILM

„Chocim 1621” (1988) – Leszek Podhorodecki

„Jan Karol Chodkiewicz – Polscy Bogowie Wojny” (2019) – Michael Morys Twarowski

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Polish team consisting of: Capt. Z. Kawecki / Bambino; Major S. Kulesza / Tośka; rtm. H. Roycewicz-Leliwa / Arlekin III – won the silver medal.
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August 1-16: XI Olympic Games. The Olympic Games in Berlin are breaking records so far: 4,069 participants from 49 countries. The Polish team consists of 112 people. The Olympic torch, brought from Olympia, is burning for the first time as a symbol of ties with ancient tradition. Richard Strauss’s Olympic anthem resounds during the opening ceremony.

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53 riders from 19 countries, including 17 teams of three, register for military. The Polish team is made up of rtm. Henryk Roycewicz on Arlekin III, Zdzisław Kawecki on Bambino and Seweryn Kulesza on Tośka (because Ben Hur suddenly went lame). Roycewicz is 13th after dressage, 15th Kawecki, 26th Kulesza. The team is fifth, with a small point loss, ahead of the dangerous Germans.

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After the cross-country test, G. Rau assessed the Poles’ riding style as follows: „To a large extent, convincing, adapted to the horse’s movement, very flexible. Thanks to this, we are talking about the complete harmony between the rider and the horse, which makes movement and jumping over the obstacle much easier.”

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The event jumping competition in military takes place at the main Olympic stadium with 90,000 spectators. The first of ours is mare Tośka, the least tired of the team. She finishes the course without errors and in good time.

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After the start of Bambino, we move up to the second place and win the silver medal.

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Author: Muzeum Łowiectwa i Jeździectwa (Hunting and Horse-Riding Museum) – Hanna Łysakowska

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„Jeźdźcy-Olimpijczycy Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej” [fragmenty] – Renata Urban

„Jeźdźcy olimpijscy” (2000) – Hanna Łysakowska

„Kolekcja medali olimpijskich w zbiorach Muzeum Sportu i Turystyki w Warszawie” (2017) – Zespół redakcyjny

„Seweryn Roman Kulesza – srebrny medalista IO Berlin 1936 r.” – Redakcja portalu olimpijski.pl

„Olympia 1936 tom I”[DE] – Zespół redakcyjny

„Auf Olympischem Parcours”[DE] – Helmut Lenz

„Jeźdźcy-Olimpijczycy Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej” (2012) – Renata Urban

„Polscy jeźdźcy olimpijscy okresu międzywojennego, część I” (2018) – Hanna Łysakowska

„Polscy jeźdźcy olimpijscy okresu międzywojennego, część II” (2019) – Hanna Łysakowska

„Zdzisław Kawecki – Gozdawa – srebrny medalista IO Berlin 1936 r.” – Redakcja portalu olimpijski.pl

„Henryk Leliwa-Roycewicz – srebrny medalista IO Berlin 1936 r.” – Redakcja portalu olimpijski.pl

WKKW – Olimpiada Berlin 1936 (Cross Country) | FILM

„Ostatni udział polskich jeźdźców w olimpiadzie berlińskiej” – Adam Królikiewicz

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On 13 June 1915, 65th Regiment of Dunin-Wąsowicz’s Uhlans got famous for their attack near Rokitna, memorable for all times for Polish arms.
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106th anniversary of the famous attack near Rokitna carried out by 2nd squadron of Uhlans of 2nd Brigade of Polish Legions under command of cavalry captain Zbigniew Dunin-Wasowicz passed.

In the interwar period, this attack was placed next to the greatest successes and exploits of Polish cavalry. Today, principally historians and lovers of Polish cavalry history mind about Rokitna.

The attack became a legend just after its end.

Sacrifice and reckless courage of Polish cavalrymen forcing consecutive lines of Russian trenches had an effect not only on imagination – the blood spilt by cavalry captain Dunin-Wąsowicz’s Uhlans moved everybody, both direct observers of the battle and people knowing its course from press reports.

For Poles, the attack near Rokitna, in spite of losses sustained, became a resurrection of old cavalry traditions after years of foreign rule and a blood sacrifice for the resurgent Motherland.

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Author: Łukasz Koniarek Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich (Ossolineum)

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„W rocznicę szarży pod Rokitną” (2021) – Łukasz Koniarek

„Księga jazdy polskiej” (1938) – Praca zbiorowa

Szarża pod Rokitną” (2012) – Wojciech Grochowalski

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31/08/1920, a centenary of the ‘Miracle on the Vistula river’.
1st Mounted Army of S. Budionny was stopped under the strategic Zamość and blown apart.

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The battle under Komarów started on 31 August 1920 with Gen. Stanisław Haller’s command addressed to the commander of 1st DJ, colonel Juliusz Rómmel; the command pointed out the action direction towards Cześniki. Over there, the forces of 1st Mounted Army (withdrawn from under Zamość) were located. Budionny’s staff was stationed in Niewirków.

Polish cavalry victory under Komarów was a result of the battle carried out splendidly in respect of tactics. Polish officers’ corps merited the very high mark. This concerns especially manoeuvres at a battlefield. Co-operation between the division staff and its brigades was on the very high level. Mobility and team-work of individual troops resulted from their experience acquired in battles of the war in 1920. Commanders of different levels promoted initiatives of their subordinates depending on situation at a battle-field. The above in combination with co-operation and synchronization of actions of individual combat arms, i.e., a cavalry attack and heavy machine-guns (machine-gun carriages) and artillery fire allowed success in spite of the enemy superiority in number.

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Author: Piotr Kurowski

source: „Bitwa zamojska 1920” (2018) – Piotr Kurowski, Bellona Publishing House

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„Bitwa zamojska 1920” [fragmenty] – Piotr Krukowski

„Bitwa Warszawska w Muzeum – Zamek w Łańcucie” [link] – Aldona Cholewianka-Kruszyńska

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29 July 1980 – silver team medal at Olympic Games in Moscow 1980. 03 August 1980 – gold Olympic medal – Jan Kowalczyk on Artemor.

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Riders starting in show jumping in the post-war period were luckless during Olympic Games. At first, Polish horsemanship was being rebuilt after war damages when our competitors started and won medals in different Olympic Games. Starts in Olympic Games in Mexico, 1968, and in Munich, 1972, — failed. However, these starts showed that we still have not enough outstanding horses despite of the fact that several of them performed very well in Munich while glorifying Polish breeding; but this was not enough to win a medal.

As regards Montreal in 1976, due to huge costs and lack of even team, only Three Days’ Event team and Jan Kowalczyk individually (who had the best horses made available) were to prepare. Unfortunately, the horse blood tests for piroplasmosis cancelled start of Polish eventing team and Jan Kowalczyk individually in show jumping.

In preparation for Olympic Games in Moscow 1980, the same mistake was committed as in previous years: the preparations started too late. In 1978, a training camp was organized at PSO Łąck, conducted by trainers Marian Kowalczyk and eng. Krzysztof Koziarowski under the guidance of trainer Władysław Byszewski MA. The training camp interlaced with starts in competition at home and abroad lasted only 2 months. In 1979, the training camp at PSO Łąck, conducted by Byszewski MA and eng. Koziarowski was continued. Unfortunately, in view of his official activities at ZHiOZ in Warsaw, Byszewski could not give up himself to trainings completely. This training camp lasting (according to the plan) three months was also interlaced with starts in different competitions. (…)


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Author: Eryk Brabec
source: Koń Polski (Polish Horse) magazine, 1980

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„XXII Igrzyska Olimpijskie Moskwa” (1980) – Eryk Brabec

„Jan Kowalczyk i Artemor” (1980) – Antoni Święcicki

Jan Kowalczyk – Artemor – IO Moskwa 1980 | FILM

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Sponsor: Zamek Janów Podlaski, Grupa ARCHE

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The first auction of pure-bred Arabians, in Poland and Europe, was organized by Pedigree Animals Breeding Federation, Foreign Trade Headquarters Animex and Farm Animals Turnover Federation at the premises of the Stud Farm in Janów Podlaski on 5.06.1970.

43 horses bred in stud farms Janów Podlaski and Michałów were presented during the auction including 18 stallions, 15 three-year and older mares, 7 two-year mares and 3 one-year fillies.

The stallions were shown in three categories. Five stallions (Espartero, Gazda, Ariel, Kumys, Cebion) prepared at Stallions’ Depot Kwidzyń by eng. Andrzej Orłoś were presented in typical American competitions Park Horse and English Pleasure, and then in five-in-hand driven splendidly by their trainer himself. The stallions Pentagon, Elfur, Złotnik, Dambor, Doman and Litawor, trained at the Racecourse in Warsaw, were prepared for flat races. (…)

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Author: edit. of Koń Polski (Polish Horse) magazine

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„Pierwsza aukcja koni czystej krwi arabskiej” (1970) – Artykuł własny redakcji czasopisma „Koń Polski”

Five Arabian stallions led by their trainer – A. Orłos; drawbars: left – Kumys (Negatiw – Cumparsita), right – Ariel (Sędziwój – Arfa), commanders: left – Cebion, middle – Espertero, right – Gazda. Photo: Zofia Raczkowska
Og. Cebion (Negtiw – Celia) presented by Eng. Andrzej Orłos according to the accepted rules of showing horses in America. Photo: Zofia Raczkowska
Og. Bajdak (Comet – Bajdara) bred by the Horse Stud in Janów Podlaski, purchased to the USA for 30 thousand dollars. Photo: Zofia Raczkowska

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In 1925, the spring came do Nice unusually late. It was raining during the first half of April and only on 18th April a beautiful weather arrived. A gentle and warm breeze fanned and Polish, French, Portuguese, Belgium and Czechoslovak flags blew over the hippodrome “California”. It was beginning of International Military Jumping Competitions.

It was the third time when Polish cavalrymen were to rival with the best military equestrian teams in Europe. Already in two previous years, Poles were threatening competitors and won, among others, the most important individual award – Grand Prix of Nice City (Grand Prix de la Ville de Nice). Lieutenant Adam Królikiewicz on ‘Jasiek’ achieved this in 1924. However, they still could not win the team competition named Nations Cup. It was especially important because proved the uniform shape of the team and confirmed that individual successes were not accidental. Lieutenant colonel Karol Rómmel, a manager and instructor of Polish team, said in the interview given to metropolitan press that the very award of prestige was especially desirable by him that year.

But, were there any odds? The Equestrian Preparatory Group training before competitions in Nice and London were appointed only in early February 1925. Our officers had not so much time – less than two months – to prepare themselves and their horses for rivalry with other nations. The home team seemed the most threatening contestants that trained for more than half a year. Their team not only knew the hippodrome perfectly but also was the largest (11 riders and 33 horses). The most famous of them were surely the Olympians: lieutenant T. Carbon and lieutenant P. Clavé. They both started at Olympic Games in Paris (1924) and lieutenant Carbon also in Antwerp (1920 r.). (…)

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Author: Ewa Pawlus, portal “Tropem Hubala” (On Hubal’s track)

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„Konkursy w Nicei” (1925) – Redakcja czasopisma Jeździec i Hodowca

„Pogrom nicejski, czyli jak Polacy zdobyli pierwszy Puchar Narodów” (2019) – Ewa Pawlus